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Pressure has mounted on these groups as cases in South America continue to rise: As of Monday, there were more than 12,100 cases on the continent with nearly 300 confirmed deaths.
From Brazil to Colombia to Ecuador, tribal leaders have urged their residents to leave only for emergencies as roads to reserves have been sealed off, according to a Monday report.
South American indigenous groups are no strangers to pandemics, having dealt with them since at least colonial times. Multiple tribal leaders have warned against a potentially catastrophic situation if proactive measures aren’t taken, the Guardian reported.
“Right now, the big issue is stopping this virus from reaching the villages. If this virus gets into the villages it will cause a huge amount of death,” said Sofia Mendonca, a public health physician who works with Brazil’s Xingu national park, which is home to some 6,000 people from 16 different tribes.
“We are talking about true genocide,” she said.
Still, these tactics will bring inherent risks, experts warn. It is possible that tribal members who were not properly quarantined or tested could carry the virus home with them as they return to remote villages from areas outside reservations.
“People are panicking. They are worried – and they want to go back,” Mendonça said. “But it is very important for there to be an isolation or quarantine process so you can [safely] return to your village, to your home. And this will require different strategies in each place.”