Pope John XXIII and Vatican II: The Catholic Church's modern moment

LIFE examines Pope John XXIII and Vatican II. For more photos, click here. 

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    Pope John XXIII

    Pope John XXIII rides in the procession to St. Peter's Basilica at start of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, 1962. For more photos, click here.
    Paul Schutzer—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
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    Vatican Ecumencial Council

    Vatican Ecumenical Council and Ecumenical Procession, Rome, 1962. For more photos, click here.
    Paul Schutzer—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
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    Table of cardinals

    Table of cardinals during the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, 1962. For more photos, click here.
    Hank Walker—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
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    St Peter's Basilica

    Scene inside St. Peter's Basilica during the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, 1962. For more photos, click here.  
    Hank Walker—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images
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