The child was on a couch around 7:30 p.m. when an SUV drove by the home on the 200 block of West 115th Street and someone inside opened fire, police said.
The child was shot in the head and rushed to the hospital to undergo surgery. He remains in critical condition.
The boy was one of 23 people shot throughout the city Monday, the Chicago Sun-Times reported. The shooting is similar to that of Amaria Jones, a 13-year-old Chicago girl who was killed by a stray bullet in June as she was dancing in her living room.
"He was in a home — just as Amaria was,” community activist Rabbi Michael Ben Yosef told the newspaper. “We’re trying to show this is a real problem — children being murdered in gun violence.”