Timeline: Mideast Violence

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Here's a look at important events over nearly three years of renewed Israeli-Palestinian violence:

— Sept. 28, 2000: Ariel Sharon, then Israel's opposition leader, visits a Jerusalem shrine holy to Jews and Muslims. Clashes erupt, widen to broader conflict that buries peace talks and Ehud Barak's government.

— Feb. 6, 2001: Sharon elected prime minister in landslide.

— May 21, 2001: Amid escalating violence, international commission submits report calling for end to violence, never implemented.

— June 13, 2001: CIA director George Tenet negotiates cease-fire framework, also not implemented.

— Feb. 18, 2002: Saudi initiative calls for Israeli pullout from all occupied territories in exchange for peace with Arab world. Sharon rejects it.

— March 29, 2002: After month in which 136 Israelis are killed in Palestinian attacks, mostly suicide bombings, Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield to rout Palestinian militant groups, reoccupying Palestinian towns in the West Bank.

— June 19, 2002: After brief lull, new spate of suicide bombings prompts Israel's Operation Determined Path, leading to takeover of most West Bank towns.

— June 24, 2002: Siding with Sharon, President Bush calls on Palestinians to replace Yasser Arafat as the Palestinian leader.

— Jan. 28, 2003: Sharon re-elected in landslide.

— April 30, 2003: Mahmoud Abbas takes office as Palestinian prime minister.

— May 1, 2003: "Road map" to peace presented to both sides; Palestinians immediately accept it.

— May 25, 2003: Israel's government conditionally accepts road map.

— June 4, 2003: Abbas, Sharon meet President Bush at summit in Aqaba, Jordan, launching the peace plan.

— June 11, 2003: Attack on Jerusalem bus kills 17.

— June 19, 2003: Bombing at grocery store in Sde Trumot in Jordan Valley kills one Israeli.

— June 29, 2003: The militant Hamas and Islamic Jihad groups and Yasser Arafat's Fatah movement declare immediate suspensions of attacks against Israel, and Israel begins pulling troops out of Gaza.

— July 7, 2003: Suicide bomber in house in Kfar Yavetz kills one Israeli woman.

— Aug. 12, 2003: Two bombings — at a bus stop near the West Bank settlement of Ariel and a bus stop in the Israeli town of Rosh Haayin — kill three Israelis.

— Aug. 19, 2003: Hamas suicide bombing on a Jerusalem bus kills 22 people, causing Israel to intensify military campaign to crush Palestinian militants and target their leaders in helicopter missile strikes.

— Aug. 21, 2003: Palestinian militants call off 2-month-old unilateral cease-fire after an Israeli helicopter kills a senior Hamas political leader in Gaza with a volley of missiles.

— Sept. 4, 2003: Abbas asks parliament to either support him or strip him of his post, saying infighting is keeping him from making progress on U.S.-backed peace plan.

— Sept. 6, 2003: Abbas submits his resignation to Arafat, who accepts it, according to a Palestinian official.