WASHINGTON – Consumer spending slowed sharply in May as rising gasoline prices left Americans with less to spend on other items, the government reported Friday.
The Commerce Department said that spending rose by just 0.4 percent last month after a 0.7 percent gain in April. Income growth also slowed to an advance of just 0.4 percent last month, reflecting weaker job growth.
The report on personal incomes and consumer spending provided further evidence that the economy, after growing strongly in the first three months of the year, slowed sharply in the spring as Americans were battered by rising gasoline prices, higher interest rates and a cooling housing market.
The government reported Thursday that the overall economy raced ahead at an annual rate of 5.6 percent in the January-March quarter, the fastest pace in 2 1/2 years. But analysts believe growth has slowed to just half that amount in the current April-June quarter reflecting a sharp slowdown in consumer spending, which accounts for two-thirds of total economic activity.
Inflation, as measured by a price gauge tied to consumer spending, rose by 0.4 percent in May and was up 0.2 percent when energy and food prices are excluded. This measure of core inflation is up 2.1 percent when compared to May 2005, slightly above the Fed's upper bounds for core inflation of 2 percent.
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke sent stocks plunging in early June when he cited an increase in core inflation as an "unwelcome" development, raising worries that the Fed was going to increase interest rates several more times to fight inflation.
The Fed did boost its federal funds rate on Thursday for a 17th time to 5.25 percent, but Wall Street posted a strong rally on the wording of the Fed statement, which indicated future rate increases would be dependent on incoming data.
The 0.4 percent increase in consumer spending in May, which was in line with Wall Street expectations, was the slowest increase in three months. Excluding price increases, spending was up an even weaker 0.1 percent in May, down from a 0.2 percent rise in inflation-adjusted spending in April.