Asia

S. Korea leader can be investigated, says her PM nominee

  • South Korean protesters shout slogans during a rally, calling for South Korean President Park Geun-hye to step down in downtown Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, Nov. 3, 2016. South Korean prosecutors detained a former senior aide of Park as they widen their investigation into a snowballing scandal centering on whether the president's close friend controlled the government from the shadows, officials said Thursday. Placards read: "Park Geun-hye Out." (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

    South Korean protesters shout slogans during a rally, calling for South Korean President Park Geun-hye to step down in downtown Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, Nov. 3, 2016. South Korean prosecutors detained a former senior aide of Park as they widen their investigation into a snowballing scandal centering on whether the president's close friend controlled the government from the shadows, officials said Thursday. Placards read: "Park Geun-hye Out." (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)  (The Associated Press)

  • South Korean protesters with a picture of South Korean President Park Geun-hye, right, stage a rally, calling for Park to step down in downtown Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, Nov. 3, 2016. South Korean prosecutors detained a former senior aide of Park as they widen their investigation into a snowballing scandal centering on whether the president's close friend controlled the government from the shadows, officials said Thursday. The letters read: "Omnishambles." (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

    South Korean protesters with a picture of South Korean President Park Geun-hye, right, stage a rally, calling for Park to step down in downtown Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, Nov. 3, 2016. South Korean prosecutors detained a former senior aide of Park as they widen their investigation into a snowballing scandal centering on whether the president's close friend controlled the government from the shadows, officials said Thursday. The letters read: "Omnishambles." (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)  (The Associated Press)

  • Kim Byong-joon, a nominee for South Korea's Prime Minister, reacts during a news conference in Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, Nov. 3, 2016. President Park Geun-hye's office said Wednesday that Park nominated Kim, a former top policy adviser for late liberal President Roh Moo-hyun, as her new prime minister. Kim's selection is subject to parliamentary approval. (Kim Hong-Ji/Pool Photo via AP)

    Kim Byong-joon, a nominee for South Korea's Prime Minister, reacts during a news conference in Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, Nov. 3, 2016. President Park Geun-hye's office said Wednesday that Park nominated Kim, a former top policy adviser for late liberal President Roh Moo-hyun, as her new prime minister. Kim's selection is subject to parliamentary approval. (Kim Hong-Ji/Pool Photo via AP)  (The Associated Press)

South Korea's president can be investigated in a snowballing influence-peddling scandal involving her longtime friend, the prime minister-designate said Thursday.

The comments by Kim Byong-joon came as opposition lawmakers and activists stepped up their demands for prosecutors to directly investigate President Park Geun-hye to get to the bottom of the scandal that has plunged the country into a political turmoil. One latest opinion survey showed Park's approval rating plummeted to about 9 percent.

South Korean media speculate Park's friend, Choi Soon-sil, pulled government affairs from the shadows and pushed businesses to donate millions of dollars to two foundations that she controlled, although she didn't have any government post.

On Thursday, Kim told a televised conference that he thinks it's possible to have Park investigated because "all nationals are equal before the law." But he said the procedures and methods of any such probe of the head of state must be carefully done.

Kim there are different interpretations of a constitutional provision that grants sitting presidents immunity from criminal lawsuits unless they are accused of serious crimes such as treason. He didn't elaborate, but his comments likely reflected a view by some scholars that the constitution disallows an indictment and other legal steps beyond an investigation or questioning.

Kim, a public administration professor, served as a top policy adviser for late liberal President Roh Moo-hyun. Park's nomination of Kim for the country's No. 2 job was seen as an effort to reach out to liberals for bipartisan support.

But the prospect of parliamentary approval for Kim's nomination is unclear as the main opposition Democratic Party described it as a tactic to divert attention from the scandal.

Park may survive what has become the worse patch of an already rocky four years in office. But if she is forced to name a prime minster chosen by the opposition, it will hamstring her authority and may end her ability to govern.

On Wednesday night, prosecutors detained a former senior aide of Park after summoning him over his alleged involvement in extracting $70 million in donations. He is the second person detained in connection with the scandal. Earlier this week, prosecutors detained Choi and requested an arrest warrant for her.

Much of the public frenzy over the scandal is associated with Choi's family background. Her father led a religious cult and reportedly was a private mentor for Park, whose parents each were assassinated in the 1970s. Park's father was a military dictator who ruled South Korea for 18 years.

While acknowledging her ties to Choi Soon-sil last week, Park said Choi helped her "when I had difficulties" in the past. Park acknowledged that Choi had edited some of her speeches and provided public relations help. South Korean media speculate Choi may have had access to sensitive information and played a much larger role in government affairs.

Park has already been criticized for an aloof manner and for relying on only a few longtime confidantes. That she may have outsourced sensitive decisions to someone outside of government, and someone connected with a murky, lurid backstory, has incensed many.