The unbelievable destruction left in the wake of Hurricane Matthew in Haiti has prompted the United States to put on hold a new policy that would deport Haitian immigrants who are in the United States without permission.
U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson, speaking in Mexico City where he held talks with Cabinet officials on border, migration and security issues, said the hold is only temporary and that the government intends to return to it in the future.
“We will have to deal with that situation, address it, be sympathetic to the plight of the people of Haiti as a result of the hurricane,” he said, noting that some flights to the Caribbean country have been suspended in the wake of the fatal storm. “But after that situation, after that condition has been addressed, we intend to resume the policy change that I brought about several weeks ago.”
The United States stopped deporting Haitians after the Caribbean country was hit by a devastating earthquake in 2010, freeing them on humanitarian parole instead. But on Sept. 21, Homeland Security began putting Haitians in detention facilities as a prelude to sending them home.
The idea behind the new practice was that "Haitian migrants who come to our country illegally would be treated like immigrants from just about every other country who entered our country illegally," Johnson said.
Thousands of Haitians have been arriving at Tijuana, Mexico, in recent weeks hoping to cross into the United States, creating a migratory logjam at the border. They have also overwhelmed Mexican migrant shelters while they wait, with many of them sleeping outside on sheets of cardboard.
Mexican Interior Secretary Miguel Angel Osorio Chong said the Haitian migrants were a subject of talks with Johnson and it was Mexico's responsibility to try to improve their conditions while they are in the country.
He also expressed hope that the United States, which has been processing only about 75 Haitian migrants per day at the San Ysidro crossing in San Diego, may be able to speed that up.
"Very possibly (their numbers) may rise following the hurricane's passage," Osorio Chong said.
The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees and the International Organization for Migration had representatives visit Tijuana this week to take stock of the situation.
With the U.S. presidential election in its closing weeks and Mexicans scheduled to pick a successor to President Enrique Pena Nieto in 2018, officials in Tuesday's meetings in the capital had their sights set on future cooperation.
"We have agreed to institute a high-level work group to follow through beyond our governments, beyond the administrations of which we are currently part," Osorio Chong said.
Mexico and the United States have pursued a diverse bilateral agenda, moving away from focusing just on security and incorporating other areas, such as innovation and competitiveness, during the Obama administration, said Foreign Relations Secretary Claudia Ruiz Massieu.
"The mechanisms of cooperation have been institutionalized," Ruiz Massieu said.
Based on reporting by the Associated Press. EFE contributed to this report.