GLOBAL ECONOMY

Somalia hosts heads of state summit for 1st time in 30 years

  • Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, center left, and Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, center right, walk together during the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) summit at the Peace Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2016. Somalia on Tuesday hosted its first regional summit of African heads of state in 30 years, a source of pride in this Horn of Africa country after decades of chaos and deadly attacks by al-Shabab extremists. (AP Photo/Farah Abdi Warsameh)

    Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, center left, and Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, center right, walk together during the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) summit at the Peace Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia, Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2016. Somalia on Tuesday hosted its first regional summit of African heads of state in 30 years, a source of pride in this Horn of Africa country after decades of chaos and deadly attacks by al-Shabab extremists. (AP Photo/Farah Abdi Warsameh)  (The Associated Press)

  • Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, left, and Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud shake hands and pose for photographs during the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) summit at the Peace Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2016. Somalia on Tuesday hosted its first regional summit of African heads of state in 30 years, a source of pride in this Horn of Africa country after decades of chaos and deadly attacks by al-Shabab extremists. (AP Photo/Farah Abdi Warsameh)

    Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, left, and Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud shake hands and pose for photographs during the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) summit at the Peace Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2016. Somalia on Tuesday hosted its first regional summit of African heads of state in 30 years, a source of pride in this Horn of Africa country after decades of chaos and deadly attacks by al-Shabab extremists. (AP Photo/Farah Abdi Warsameh)  (The Associated Press)

  • From left, Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, and Djibouti's Foreign Minister Mahamoud Ali Youssouf, pose for a group photograph during the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) summit at the Peace Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2016. Somalia on Tuesday hosted its first regional summit of African heads of state in 30 years, a source of pride in this Horn of Africa country after decades of chaos and deadly attacks by al-Shabab extremists. (AP Photo/Farah Abdi Warsameh)

    From left, Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, Somalia's President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, and Djibouti's Foreign Minister Mahamoud Ali Youssouf, pose for a group photograph during the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) summit at the Peace Hotel in Mogadishu, Somalia Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2016. Somalia on Tuesday hosted its first regional summit of African heads of state in 30 years, a source of pride in this Horn of Africa country after decades of chaos and deadly attacks by al-Shabab extremists. (AP Photo/Farah Abdi Warsameh)  (The Associated Press)

Somalia on Tuesday was hosting its first regional summit of African heads of state in 30 years, a source of pride in this Horn of Africa country after years of chaos and deadly attacks by al-Shabab extremists.

Security measures were high, and residents said celebrations of the Muslim holiday Eid al-Adha had been severely restricted in recent days.

Among the countries expected was Sudan, whose President Omar al-Bashir would be defying a warrant for his arrest from the International Criminal Court if he arrived.

Somalia's government said leaders also were expected from Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Djibouti and South Sudan for the summit of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development regional bloc.

The crisis in South Sudan and Somalia's upcoming elections were two of the top issues for discussion.

The summit has been seen as the latest sign of confidence in a return to normal life in Somalia, which was plunged into decades of conflict in 1991 when warlords overthrew the regime of dictator Siad Barre.

The country is now preparing for a presidential election in October, a significant step forward.

But homegrown Islamic extremist group al-Shabab continues to strike at the heart of Somalia's seaside capital, killing scores of people so far this year. In the latest attack, a suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden truck near the gate of the presidential palace in Mogadishu late last month, killing at least 12 people.

Several of the countries invited to the summit take part in a 22,000-strong African Union force protecting Somalia, though the force faces funding cuts and troop shortages that experts have warned could further destabilize the country.