Lithuania's foreign minister says Europe is engaged in an information war with Russia, and losing.

Linas Linkevicius says European governments underestimate Moscow's efforts to spread disinformation through Kremlin-backed media.

Linkevicius told a political conference in Berlin on Friday that the media has become as much of a battlefield for Russia as the cyber realm and energy policy.

The European Union established a strategic communications task force last year to monitor and respond to disinformation in eastern Europe.

Jakub Kalensky, a representative for the EU task force, cited a sharp rise in negative reports about migrants as an example of the way Moscow seeks to promote its political ends through Kremlin-friendly TV stations and websites.

Kalensky said Germany and Chancellor Angela Merkel were currently "target No. 1 for pro-Kremlin media."