UNITED NATIONS (AP) – Venezuela's ambassador to the United Nations dismissed the possibility of cooperating with U.S. investigations into billion-dollar bribery schemes that allegedly occurred at the country's state-run oil company while he was in charge.
The allegations surrounding corruption at the PDVSA oil company cast a pall over Ambassador Rafael Ramírez as Venezuela took over the rotating presidency of the Security Council on Monday.
It was a long-held dream of the late Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez to win a seat at the Security Council, a high-profile platform to showcase his defiance of a U.S.-led world order. Venezuela finally achieved that goal in 2014 under President Nicolás Maduro, more than a year after Chávez died of cancer.
Venezuela will hold the Security Council presidency for the month of February, getting the chance to influence the agenda of the most powerful U.N. body.
Ramírez opened a press conference on the council's agenda for February by paying tribute to Chávez, calling him "a great promoter of peace and justice" who believed in multilateral institutions and in peaceful resolution of conflicts. "Here today, we are representing him, to his legacy, our people, our nation and the spirit of our people," he said.
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Ramírez said he plans a Security Council debate on Feb. 15 on one of Chávez's favorite themes: defending the national sovereignty of countries against what he saw as U.S. meddling in domestic affairs. He said Venezuela will also hold a debate on Feb. 11 where a number of countries under U.N. sanctions will address the council about their impact — a rare event.
Ramírez cited the U.S.-led military operations in Syria. He differentiated that from Russia's bombing campaign in Syria, which has the approval of the government of President Bashar Assad. Venezuela has often taken Russia's side in Security Council disagreements over how to address the Syrian civil war.
"While we don't have troops and will never have troops abroad, we are going to raise our voice," he said. "Some countries on the Security Council decide on their own which governments are legitimate and which are not."
Ramírez said he was not concerned about the possibility of being indicted as part of U.S. investigations into corruption at PDVSA, which have led to the recent arrests of two Venezuelan businessmen who allegedly paid more than $1 billion in bribes to secure contracts with the company. Last year, the U.S. Treasury Department accused a bank in Andorra of laundering some $2 billion stolen from PDVSA.
Ramírez was the president of PDVSA for a decade until 2014. He said he did not know the two businessmen, Abraham José Shiera Bastidas and Roberto Rincón, who were arrested in December on charges detailed in an indictment filed in federal court in Houston. Asked if he had been contacted by U.S. authorities seeking his cooperation, Ramírez shook his head and asked rhetorically, "Do you think I am going to accept the jurisdiction of another country on national matters?"
He added: "I don't think they would show me that lack of respect."
The ambassador was terse while discussing allegations of corruption at PDVSA but he dismissed the U.S. investigations as an attempt to undermine Maduro's government, which has had tense relations with Washington.
"There has always been interference in our affairs," Ramírez said. "We are used to it. We understand that all of this is a political confrontation and we accept that. If we took it personally, we would just make our lives miserable."
Venezuela takes over the Security Council presidency as its economy teeters on the brink of collapse, reeling from a plunge oil prices, a severe shortage of dollars and inflation running into the triple digits.
Last month, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced that Venezuela was one of 15 countries in arrears in paying its annual contribution to the U.N. regular budget, resulting in a temporary loss of its voting rights at the General Assembly.
The U.N. said Venezuela paid its debt last week. Ramírez denied that the delay had anything to do with Venezuela's economic difficulties, calling it an "administrative matter."