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India vows to cut carbon intensity, boost renewable energy in pledge for Paris climate deal

  • Cow dung cakes left to dry out on the wall of a house in Allahabad, India, Friday, Oct. 2, 2015. Cow dung cakes are popularly used as fuel for cooking in rural India. India plans a fivefold boost in renewable energy capacity in the next five years to 175 gigawatts, including solar power, wind, biomass and small hydropower dams. (AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh)

    Cow dung cakes left to dry out on the wall of a house in Allahabad, India, Friday, Oct. 2, 2015. Cow dung cakes are popularly used as fuel for cooking in rural India. India plans a fivefold boost in renewable energy capacity in the next five years to 175 gigawatts, including solar power, wind, biomass and small hydropower dams. (AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh)  (The Associated Press)

  • In this Oct. 1, 2015 photo, an Indian man cleans solar panels installed on rooftop in Ahmadabad, India. As the last major economy to submit a target for a global climate pact, India is pledging to reduce the intensity of its carbon emissions and boost the share of electricity produced from sources other than fossil fuels to 40 percent by 2030.  (AP Photo/Ajit Solanki)

    In this Oct. 1, 2015 photo, an Indian man cleans solar panels installed on rooftop in Ahmadabad, India. As the last major economy to submit a target for a global climate pact, India is pledging to reduce the intensity of its carbon emissions and boost the share of electricity produced from sources other than fossil fuels to 40 percent by 2030. (AP Photo/Ajit Solanki)  (The Associated Press)

  • In this Oct. 1, 2015 photo, solar panels are displayed for sale at a market in New Delhi, India. India plans a fivefold boost in renewable energy capacity in the next five years to 175 gigawatts, including solar power, wind, biomass and small hydropower dams. (AP Photo/Saurabh Das)

    In this Oct. 1, 2015 photo, solar panels are displayed for sale at a market in New Delhi, India. India plans a fivefold boost in renewable energy capacity in the next five years to 175 gigawatts, including solar power, wind, biomass and small hydropower dams. (AP Photo/Saurabh Das)  (The Associated Press)

As the last major economy, India has submitted its offer for a global climate pact, pledging to reduce the intensity of its carbon emissions and boost the share of electricity produced from sources other than fossil fuels to 40 percent by 2030.

India filed its climate action plan to the Germany-based U.N. climate secretariat late Thursday, the deadline for pledges ahead of a December conference in Paris, where governments are supposed to adopt a landmark deal to fight climate change.

In a 38-page submission citing Mahatma Gandhi, the Indian government said it would slash the rate of emissions relative to gross domestic production by 33-35 percent by 2030, compared to 2005 levels.

India said has already reduced its carbon intensity by 12 percent since 2005.