Australia's prime minister says his country will resettle a "significant" number of refugees from Syria this year, while the opposition called for an additional 10,000 refugee places to help the world cope with the latest humanitarian crisis.

Prime Minister Tony Abbott told Parliament on Monday that he will have more to say on numbers Tuesday after Immigration Minister Peter Dutton reports back from meetings with the United Nations' refugee agency and the International Organization for Migration in Geneva and Paris.

He said: "It is the government's firm intention to take a significant number of people from Syria this year."

The opposition Labor Party called for an additional 10,000 refugee places on top of the 13,750 already planned for in the fiscal year that began in July.