Turkey's prime minister has begun a first round of talks on forming a coalition government by meeting members of Turkey's secularist party — the main rival to his ruling Islamic-rooted party.

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu met with Republican People's Party leader Kemal Kilicdaroglu on Monday, a month after Turkey's June 7 election left his party short of a majority.

This coalition-building process in Turkey is fraught with obstacles, including determining the role of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who remains a dominant force despite laws that require him to be neutral. Smaller parties have made reining him in a priority for any alliance.

Davutoglu plans to talk to nationalist party leaders on Tuesday and the pro-Kurdish party on Wednesday. A second round of talks is expected next week.