Austria's chancellor and other top government officials have inaugurated a monument paying homage to the 1,200 victims sentenced to death and executed by Nazi courts in Vienna.

The pyramid-shaped steel structure officially unveiled Tuesday carries the German and English inscriptions "369 Weeks." That stands for the duration such courts held sway in Austria between 1938 and 1945.

Chancellor Werner Faymann says the monument is a witness to the injustice done the victims. In his comments at the ceremony, he urged Austrians to fight to protect democracy, adding: "Hatred, incitement and exclusion have no room in our society."

The monument stands in front of Vienna's Court of Criminal Justice — the same building where courts sentenced opponents of the Nazi regime and had them executed by guillotine.