Kashmiris have shuttered shops and businesses in the disputed Himalayan region to protest India's plan to build townships for Hindus who fled a rebellion in Muslim-majority areas.

The Kashmiri separatists who called Saturday's strike say the plan to house nearly 200,000 Hindus in new townships is part of a conspiracy to separate the region's population along religious lines.

Many of the Hindus, known as Pandits, had fled to Hindu-dominated areas in Jammu region or elsewhere in India in 1990.

Clashes on Friday between anti-India protesters and government forces left at least 20 people injured, including a photojournalist and eight policemen, in Kashmir's main city of Srinagar.