Two surveys show China's manufacturing activity was anemic in February and industry faced more downward pressure on prices, adding to signs of economic weakness.

HSBC Corp. said Wednesday that its monthly purchasing managers' index fell to 49.6 on a 100-point scale on which numbers below 50 show activity contracting. A separate index by an industry group, the Chinese Federation of Logistics and Purchasing, and the National Bureau of Statistics edged up 0.2 points from February to 50.1.

Both surveys showed prices of industrial goods declined in February, a sign of weak demand.

Beijing has cut interest rates twice since November to spur economic growth that declined to 7.3 percent in the final quarter of last year, fueling fears of a politically dangerous spike in job losses.