Australia's 21st Prime Minister Edward Gough Whitlam, who was dismissed from office in a constitutional crisis in 1975, has died. He was 98 years old.

Known as Gough Whitlam, he led his reformist center-left Labor Party into power at elections in 1972 for the first time since 1949.

He was dismissed in 1975 by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, who represents the British Monarch — Australia's head of state.

Whitlam's four children confirmed the death in Sydney on Tuesday in a statement.

They described him as "a loving and generous father."