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Your guide to the 2013 Nobels in literature, chemistry, physics, medicine, peace and economics

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    FILE - This June 25, 2009 file photo shows Canadian Author Alice Munro at a press conference at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. Munro has won the 2013 Nobel Prize in literature Thursday Oct. 10, 2013. (AP Photo/Peter Morrison, file) (The Associated Press)

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    Martin Karplus describes molecular behavior as he speaks to reporters at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., after being awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry, Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2013. Karplus, who splits his time between Harvard and the University of Strasbourg, France, is among three U.S.-based scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing powerful computer models that any researcher can use to understand complex chemical interactions and create new drugs. (AP Photo/Josh Reynolds) (The Associated Press)

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    Arieh Warshel, a University of Southern California Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, poses at his home in Los Angeles after he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, on Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2013. Warshel shares the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry with Michael Levitt and Martin Karplus for developing powerful computer models that others can use to understand complex chemical interactions and create new drugs. (AP Photo/Nick Ut) (The Associated Press)

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    Michael Levitt, a professor at Stanford University who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry, talks about his work during a news conference Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2013, in Stanford, Calif. Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel, three U.S.-based scientists, won this year's Nobel Prize in chemistry on Wednesday for developing powerful computer models that researchers use to understand complex chemical interactions and create new drugs. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg) (The Associated Press)

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    FILE - In this Wednesday, July 4, 2012 file photo Belgian physicist Francois Englert, left, and British physicist Peter Higgs leave after they answer journalist's questions at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Meyrin near Geneva, Switzerland. Francois Englert and Peter Higgs were awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday Oct. 8, 2013. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences cited the two scientists for the "theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles." (AP Photo/Keystone/Martial Trezzini, File) (The Associated Press)

Here's a look at the achievements honored by this year's Nobel prizes, the $1.2 million awards handed out since 1901 by committees in Stockholm and Oslo:


Canadian author Alice Munro, hailed by the award-giving Swedish Academy as a "master of the contemporary short story." The 82-year-old writer is often called "Canada's Chekhov" for her astute, unflinching and compassionate depiction of seemingly unremarkable lives. She produced several story collections chronicling the lives of girls and women before and after the 1960s social revolution, including "The Moons of Jupiter," ''The Progress of Love" and "Runaway."


Three U.S.-based scientists for developing computer models that can predict chemical reactions for use in creating new drugs and other tasks. Their approach combined classical physics and quantum physics. The winners are Martin Karplus of the University of Strasbourg, France, and Harvard University; Michael Levitt of the Stanford University School of Medicine, and Arieh Warshel of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.


Peter Higgs of Britain and Francois Englert of Belgium for their 1964 theory, advanced independently of each other, about how subatomic particles get their mass. Their theory made headlines last year when the CERN laboratory in Geneva confirmed it by discovering the so-called Higgs particle.


Three U.S.-based researchers for their breakthroughs in understanding how key substances move within a cell. They developed better understanding of vesicles, tiny bubbles that deliver their cargo within a cell to the right place at the right time. Disturbances in that delivery system can lead to neurological diseases, diabetes or immunological disorders. The prize was shared by Americans James E. Rothman of Yale University and Randy W. Schekman of the University of California at Berkeley; and German-American Dr. Thomas C. Sudhof of the Stanford University School of Medicine.


The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, the investigation and enforcement arm for a 1997 treaty banning the use of chemical weapons. Based in The Hague, Netherlands, the global chemical weapons watchdog deploys teams worldwide to identify whether all 190 nations that have signed the treaty are disclosing all chemical weapons stocks and, if possessing them, destroying both the weapons and their manufacturing sites. An OPCW mission is currently planning the destruction of chemical weapons stockpiles and facilities in Syria, the most recent nation to accept the arms-control accord.


This year's Nobel season ends with the economics award Monday.