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2 Americans, German win Nobel medicine prize for discovery of cell transport system

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    FILE - In this Friday, Sept. 20, 2013 file photo Thomas C. Suedhof delivers a speech during the 2013 Lasker Awards ceremony in New York. German-born researcher Suedhof and Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman have won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine it was announced on Monday Oct. 7, 2013. The Nobel committee cited "their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer, File)The Associated Press

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    FILE - In this 2005 file photo released by Yale University shows biologist James Rothman on the school's campus in New Haven, Conn. Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof have won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine in was announced on Monday Oct. 7, 2013. The Nobel committee cited "their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells. (AP Photo/Yale Unviersity, File)The Associated Press

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    Images of James Rothman and Randy Schekman, of the US, and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof are projected on a screen, in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday, Oct. 7, 2013, after they were announced as the winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine. Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries on how proteins and other materials are transported within cells. (AP Photo/ TT News Agency Janerik Henriksson) SWEDEN OUTThe Associated Press

  • 274fac6ccde782213f0f6a706700b9d2.jpg

    Images of James Rothman and Randy Schekman, of the US, and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof are projected on a screen, in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday, Oct. 7, 2013, after they were announced as the winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine. Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries on how proteins and other materials are transported within cells. (AP Photo/ TT News Agency Janerik Henriksson) SWEDEN OUTThe Associated Press

Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries on how proteins and other materials are transported within cells.

The Nobel committee said their research on "vesicle traffic" — the transport system of our cells — helped scientists understand how "cargo is delivered to the right place at the right time" inside cells.

"Disturbances in this system have deleterious effects and contribute to conditions such as neurological diseases, diabetes and immunological disorders," the committee said.

Rothman is a professor at Yale University while Schekman is at the University of California, Berkeley. Suedhof joined Stanford University in 2008.

The medicine prize kicked off this year's Nobel announcements. The awards in physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economics will be announced by other prize juries this week and next. Each prize is worth 8 million Swedish kronor ($1.2 million).