Published September 07, 2013
ISLAMABAD – Pakistan is releasing seven more Taliban prisoners to facilitate a peace process aimed at reaching a political resolution to the war in neighboring Afghanistan, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced Saturday.
The statement did not make clear if the releases had already happened or were in the process of happening. Some 26 other Taliban detainees have been released over the last year in an attempt to revive the troubled process, but some have questioned whether those freed have enough influence to convince the Taliban to negotiate. There are also concerns that some of the released men may be returning to the fight.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs identified the seven Taliban detainees as Mansoor Dadullah, Said Wali, Abdul Manan, Karim Agha, Sher Afzal, Gul Muhammad and Muhammad Zai.
It is not clear why Islamabad, which has historical ties with the Afghan Taliban but which is battling its own branch of the militant movement, had arrested the men originally.
The most well-known among them appears to be Dadullah, who was captured in Feb. 2008 by Pakistani forces in Baluchistan. But little information is known about the other six detainees, the circumstances of their capture, and how long they've been in Pakistani custody.
Even Dadullah's status within the Afghan Taliban was not immediately clear. The Long War Journal, which tracks militant activity in Afghanistan and Pakistan, reported in 2008 that Dadullah had been relieved of his command in southern Afghanistan by the Afghan Taliban leadership, although Dadullah denied it.
The release comes less than two weeks after Afghan President Hamid Karzai visited Pakistan to discuss the peace negotiations.
Pakistan is seen as key to the peace process because of its strong historical ties with the Taliban. But Pakistan and Afghanistan have long had troubled relations and view each other with suspicion, especially with Kabul repeatedly accusing Islamabad of providing sanctuary for the insurgents.
It is unclear whether the prisoner release will actually assist in the peace process.
Previous prisoner releases ended up causing friction with Kabul -- and Washington -- which were both frustrated that Pakistan was not monitoring the whereabouts and activities of the former inmates. At least some of the released militants are believed to have rejoined the insurgency, underscoring how difficult it will be to reach a political settlement before the end of next year when most U.S. troops are scheduled to leave Afghanistan.
Also, Pakistan has not yet agreed to release its most important Taliban prisoner, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the insurgent group's former deputy commander.
Pakistan helped the Taliban seize control of Afghanistan in 1996, and many insurgents fled across the border following the U.S.-led invasion in 2001. Islamabad is widely believed to have maintained its ties to the Taliban, despite official denials.
Pakistan has said it supports a peace agreement with the Taliban as the best way to avoid Afghanistan descending into further chaos after the U.S. drawdown.
There are fears that instability in Afghanistan would provide cover for domestic Taliban militants at war with the Pakistani state. Those militants already have some sanctuaries in Afghanistan and periodically stage cross-border attacks into Pakistan.
But Pakistan and Afghanistan may have trouble agreeing on what role the Taliban should play in the country following a peace deal.