PARIS – Western leaders are deliberating whether to stage a military response to the alleged chemical weapons attack in Syria. France and Germany, who refused to support the 2003 Iraq invasion, suggested Monday they may take part. Russia says any such intervention would violate international law.
President Francois Hollande says time is running out for the Syrian regime and airstrikes are a possibility.
"Everything will come into play this week," he told Le Parisien newspaper. "There are several options on the table, ranging from strengthening international sanctions to airstrikes to arming the rebels.
Hollande spoke with President Barack Obama on Sunday and told him France, like Britain, would support him in a targeted military intervention, according to the paper.
"It's still too early to say categorically what will happen," he was quoted as saying. "The U.N. experts are going to investigate on site. We also have to allow time for the diplomatic process. But not too much. We can't go without a reaction when confronted with chemical weapons."
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said "all the options are open. The only option that I can't imagine would be to do nothing."
Germany suggested for the first time it may support the use of force if a chemical weapons attack is confirmed.
"The suspected large-scale use of poison gas breaks a taboo even in this Syrian conflict that has been so full of cruelty," Chancellor Angela Merkel's spokesman, Steffen Seibert, said Monday. "It's a serious breach of the international Chemical Weapons Convention, which categorically bans the use of these weapons. It must be punished, it cannot remain without consequences."
Germany has "very clear evidence that this was a chemical weapons attack," Seibert said. He declined to speculate on what kind of response might now be needed in Syria, but repeatedly refused to rule out the use of force.
Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Western nations calling for military action against Syria have no proof the regime is behind the alleged attack.
Lavrov says the countries calling for action have assumed the role of "both investigators and the U.N. Security Council" in probing the incident.
"They cannot produce evidence, but keep on saying that the 'red line' has been crossed and they cannot wait any longer," he said at a Moscow news conference.
Lavrov likened the situation in Syria to the run-up before the 2003 Iraq invasion. He warned against military intervention in Syria, saying "the use of force without a sanction of the U.N. Security Council is a crude violation of international law."
Foreign Secretary William Hague said disagreements among the five U.N. Security Council members have prevented any action over Syria from being taken for too long and "complete unity" wasn't necessary to launch a response.
"We cannot in the 21st century allow the idea that chemical weapons can be used with impunity," he said.
The British government is prepared to recall lawmakers to Parliament ahead of schedule so that they can debate any action over Syria, although it would "reserve the ability to take action very swiftly if needed," a spokesman for Prime Minister David Cameron said.
Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said his country would take part in an international coalition against Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime if the U.N. failed to come up with sanctions to punish Syria for the alleged use of chemical weapons.
Turkey was once a close Syrian ally, but turned into one of Assad's harshest critics and is a key supporter of Syrian rebels. Turkey has repeatedly struck back at Syrian territory in response to shelling, mortar rounds or fire from across the border since shells from Syria struck a Turkish village in October, killing five people.
Speaking to reporters in the South Korean capital of Seoul, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said "if proven, any use of chemical weapons by anyone under any circumstances is a serious violation of international law and an outrageous crime. We cannot allow impunity in what appears to be a grave crime against humanity."
EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said a decision about military intervention in Syria hasn't been made yet and the support of the U.N. Security Council for any such action remains "extremely important."
Ashton told reporters in Estonia's capital, Tallinn, the world "needs to find a political solution" for Syria's bloodshed. She said it is difficult for the 28-member EU to reach a joint conclusion, but the bloc is considering "various options."
Ashton said she has stressed the need to end the violence in "recent conversations with China and Russia." She also said it is important that U.N. weapons inspectors are allowed to examine the evidence of a possible chemical weapons attack "as quickly as possible to reach a conclusion."
President Shimon Peres has called on the U.N. to appoint the Arab League to set up a temporary government in Syria to stop the bloodshed.
Peres' comments marked the highest-profile Israeli call for international intervention in neighboring Syria. Israel has been careful to stay on the sidelines of Syria's civil war, which has killed more than 100,000. But international demands have been growing for action amid the chemical weapons attack allegations.
Peres said "foreigners will not understand what is going on in Syria" so the U.N. should task the Arab League with setting up a government.
Associated Press writers Frank Jordans in Berlin, Sylvia Hui in London, Jari Tanner in Tallinn, Estonia, Nataliya Vasilyeva in Moscow, and John Heilprin in Geneva, contributed to this report.