Argentina's Congress has passed judicial reforms it says will "democratize" the country's courts.

Opponents say the laws weaken judicial independence and guarantee that President Cristina Fernandez and her appointees will have free reign to govern without court interference.

After shouting at each other throughout the night, deputies on Thursday approved strict limits on injunctions against government policies, with only a few exceptions for environmental and human rights cases and "socially vulnerable" plaintiffs.

They also approved three new appellate courts.

Senators already approved these measures, so now they'll be law.

Another key measure designed to make it easier to discipline and fire judges now goes back to the Senate next week for final approval.