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UN powers say NKorea, Iran pose 'serious' threats to curbing spread of nuclear arms globally

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ADDS THE TRANSLATION OF THE POSTER - Morning commuters walk past a poster showing weapons targeting the White House building on a street in Pyongyang, North Korea, Friday, April 19, 2013. The poster reads: "Not by words, but only through arms" (AP Photo/Alexander F. Yuan) (The Associated Press)

The U.N. Security Council's five permanent members say North Korea and Iran pose "serious challenges" to the world's most important pact on preventing the spread of nuclear arms.

A joint statement by Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States also calls for a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East, where Iran enjoys close ties with Russia.

The statement Friday preceded two weeks of talks in Geneva over the 1970 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which has been signed by 190 nations. North Korea and Iran are not members.

Sen Pang, director-general of China's Arms Control and Disarmament Department, whose nation has close ties to North Korea, cautioned against a "vicious cycle" of confrontation with North Korea that could lead to war.