BEIRUT – Syria's most prominent defector offered himself up Thursday as a figure to unite the fractious opposition, saying he failed to persuade his former friend, President Bashar Assad, to end a bloody crackdown that has killed thousands of Syrians.
The remarks by Manaf Tlass, a Syrian brigadier general until he abandoned the regime this month, were published in a Saudi newspaper just as opposition factions gathered in Qatar to try to agree on a transitional leadership if Assad's regime falls.
Some opposition members are deeply skeptical of Tlass, believing he's far too close to the regime and nothing more than a fair-weather friend.
Mahmoud Othman, a member of the opposition Syrian National Council, said Tlass would simply "bring back the regime with a different image."
"Those who recently defected from the regime must not take part in leading the transitional period," Othman told The Associated Press from Istanbul, where he is based. "After the transitional period, the Syrian people will choose whomever they want through the ballots."
Tlass, a commander in the powerful Republican Guard and the son of a former defense minister, defected in early July. Although the regime has remained largely intact over the course of the 17-month-old uprising, the pace of defections appears to be picking up.
"I will try to help as much as I can to unite all the honorable people inside and outside Syria to put together a roadmap to get us out of this crisis, whether there is a role for me or not," he told the Al-Sharq Al-Awsat daily in an interview.
He said he was in Saudi Arabia -- a key financial backer of the rebellion -- to assess what kind of assistance the oil-rich nation could give to help create a new Syria. He said he does not see a future for Syria with Assad at the helm.
On Thursday, Turkey's Foreign Ministry announced a surprise visit by Tlass. He was to attend a dinner with Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, who has been an outspoken Assad critic.
In the three weeks since his defection he has spoken publicly only twice, both times to Saudi-controlled media.
Tlass, once a personal friend of Assad, told Al-Sharq Al-Awsat that the regime has many good people without blood on their hands and that the country's institutions should be preserved. He said he tried to persuade the president not to listen to his inner circle of security advisers who were all counseling for a harsh crackdown on the uprising.
Tlass said he defected when he realized the regime could not be deterred from its single-minded pursuit of crushing the opposition.
"Sometimes in a friendship you advise a friend many times, and then you discover that you aren't having any impact, so you decide to distance yourself," he said.
A handsome man in his mid-40s, Manaf led an extravagant lifestyle and he and his wife were fixtures on the social scene in Syria, where he often spoke on Assad's behalf.
Tlass was also one of a handful of Sunnis to hold power in the government dominated by the Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam. His father, Mustafa Tlass, was the most trusted lieutenant of Hafez Assad, the president's father and predecessor.
In Doha, Qatar, members of the Syrian National Council met Thursday to try to come up with a possible transitional administration that could step in as a stopgap government if rebel forces drive out Assad. Qatar is a leading backer of the Syrian rebels.
Thursday's meeting is the most comprehensive bid to bring together various Syrian opposition groups and show world leaders a credible alternative to Assad.
The SNC has acted as the international face of the revolution, but it's been unable to unite all dozens of disparate rebel and opposition factions under one banner.
The conflict in Syria, which activists say has killed more than 19,000 people since March 2011, has drawn deep international condemnation. But there are few options for world powers to help beyond diplomacy -- in part because of fears that any military intervention could exacerbate an already explosive battle. Syria's close ties to Iran and Hezbollah mean that the conflict has the potential to draw in the country's neighbors.
In Washington, the Obama administration is weighing its options for more direct involvement in the Syrian civil war if the rebels opposing the Assad regime can wrest enough control to create a safe haven for themselves, U.S. officials said.
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton says it's only a matter of time before the rebels have enough territory and organization to create such areas.
"More and more territory is being taken," Clinton said this week. "It will eventually result in a safe haven inside Syria, which will then provide a base for further actions by the opposition."
Still, U.S. officials are standing by their assertion that they won't provide arms to Syria's anti-Assad forces or push for a no-fly zone over rebel-controlled areas. With Syria's government fighting back forcefully against opposition offensives in Damascus, Aleppo and elsewhere, it's still unclear whether the rebels could create a secure staging ground for the rebellion.
For more than a week, Assad's regime has suffered a string of blows, although his forces are regaining their momentum. After a rebel rush on the capital, Damascus, last week -- including a brazen bombing that killed four top regime insiders -- the government routed the fighters by calling in attack helicopters and heavy weapons that devastated entire neighborhoods.
Rebels have been fighting for six days in the commercial capital Aleppo, and on Thursday they braced for a government onslaught amid reports that the regime is massing reinforcements to retake the embattled city of 3 million. They reported more intense firepower being used against them, including artillery strikes.
"Regime forces have been randomly shelling neighborhoods, and the civilians are terrified," local activist Mohammed Saeed told the AP via Skype.
The clashes have spread to neighborhoods close to the center of the city, which has a medieval center that is a UNESCO world heritage site.
According to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, some 130 people have been killed in Aleppo since the clashes there began last Saturday.
A Palestinian activist in the Yarmouk refugee camp in Damascus said Syrian troops shelled the camp Thursday, causing many casualties.
The camp is next to several neighborhoods sympathetic to the rebels.
"There are snipers on the roofs shooting at people. We are really in a war zone now," Abu Omar told the AP via Skype.
As the violence continues, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said he fears for Syria's future. On Thursday, he paid his respects to the 8,000 victims of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre -- and said he does not want his successor to have to do the same 20 years from now in Syria.
"The international community must be united not to see any further bloodshed in Syria because I do not want to see any of my successors, after 20 years, visiting Syria, apologizing for what we could have done now to protect the civilians in Syria -- which we are not doing now," he said during a visit to a memorial-cemetery complex near Srebrenica, Bosnia-Herzegovina.