BRUSSELS – NATO's top official on Monday defended the alliance's plan for a shield against ballistic missiles in Europe, insisting the system is on track despite two U.S. reports that describe it as over budget and plagued by technical problems.
Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said in an interview with The Associated Press that tests of the missile defense system show it is working and the military alliance plans to announce its initial operational capacity at its summit in Chicago next month.
"This will make it possible to protect parts of NATO territory, and that concept will be further developed in the coming years so that we will gradually be able to all the populations in European NATO countries," Fogh Rasmussen said.
"As far as NATO is concerned, we have tested the systems and they work."
Reports by the Defense Science Board, an advisory group to the U.S. Defense Department, and the U.S. Congress' Government Accountability Office, indicated the system is plagued by technological problems, delays and cost overruns. The reports say missile interceptors are running into production glitches, radars are underpowered and sensors cannot distinguish between warheasds and other objects.
Fogh Rasmussen declined to discuss specifics, saying he had not seen the reports.
"I think that's a U.S. question," he said.
Missile defense in Europe has been a nettlesome issue since the middle of last decade, when President George W. Bush announced plans to base long-range interceptors in central Europe as a defense against missiles from Iran. That infuriated Russia, which believed the program was intended to counter Moscow's intercontinental ballistic missiles and undermine its nuclear deterrent.
Soon after Obama took office in 2009, he revamped the program with a plan calling for slower interceptors that would be upgraded gradually over four phases, culminating with the newest versions in 2020.
The early phases call for using Aegis radars on ships and a more powerful radar based in Turkey. Later phases call for moving Aegis radars to Romania and Poland.
NATO says that the future ballistic missile defense system passed a significant technical test on 4-5 April during a series of simulated engagements. In another April test, a similar theater missile defense system tested jointly with Russia also performed well, it says.