Published March 14, 2011
SULAIMANIYAH, Iraq – Two top Kurdish politicians resigned Tuesday from local government in northern Iraq in what appears to be a political maneuver to challenge Arabs for control of the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, one of the nation's most volatile fault lines.
The city is home to a mix of Arabs, Kurds and Turkomen, who all have competing claims to it. Kurds are seeking to incorporate Kirkuk into their autonomous region in Iraq's north — and out from under control of the Arab-dominated central government in Baghdad.
It is one of Iraq's most explosive disputes, and Kirkuk's Arabs and Turkomen have long opposed the Kurds' goal.
On Tuesday, officials said resigning provincial Governor Abdul-Rahman Mustafa, a Kurd, would be replaced with a Turkoman, raising speculation that a deal was struck to strengthen ties between the two groups against the area's Arabs.
"I hope the man elected for this job will work for the best of Kirkuk, and keep friendly living conditions among all, and be representative of all people living in Kirkuk," Mustafa said in an interview.
He said he resigned for personal reasons after eight years on the job. He is being replaced by Najmuddin Karim, a doctor who has dual Iraqi-U.S. citizenship.
A Turkoman politician said was the move is hoped to "lead to a closer approach between Turkomen and Kurds." He said the minority Turkomen, which are believed to make up about 12 percent of Kirkuk, have long felt sidelined by the city's Kurds. He spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the delicate political situation.
The other resigning official is provincial council chairman Rizkar Aziz. Both stepped down during a public meeting in Kirkuk, said councilman Rebwar Talabani.
Located 180 miles (290 kilometers) north of Baghdad, Kirkuk is the capital of Tamim province.
Tensions in the city have long been a top concern for U.S. diplomats and military officials who fear it could unravel Iraq's tenuous security should Kirkuk's fragile peace fall apart.
A day earlier, hundreds of Iraqis gathered in Baghdad to demand the resignation of President Jalal Talabani for comments he made last week describing Kirkuk as a Jerusalem for Kurds — suggesting they must fight to bring the city into the semiautonomous Kurdistan region. Talabani, a Kurd, later said he was speaking as a political leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan party and not as Iraq's twice-elected president.
And last month, Kurdish leaders sent thousands of their security forces, known as peshmerga, to Kirkuk under the guise of protecting citizens from demonstrations that could turn violent. Arabs and Turkomen accused the Kurds of trying to bring the city under Kurdish control.
Kirkuk has become a symbol of continued instability in Iraq, where insurgents launch attacks on an almost daily basis despite lower overall levels of violence over the last few years.
Two attacks in Baghdad killed a policeman and wounded eight people on Tuesday, officials said.
The slain policeman was shot by gunmen with silenced pistols in the capital's central Karradah area, a relatively affluent neighborhood. Another policeman was wounded in the attack.
Earlier, a security patrol hit a roadside bomb in southern Baghdad, wounding three policemen and four passers-by.
(This version CORRECTS that there were two attacks in Baghdad).)