Published December 14, 2010
DHAKA, Bangladesh – Dozens of people were killed after a devastating blaze raced through a garment factory that supplies major multinationals such as Gap and JCPenney near Bangladesh's capital.
Many of the dead included trapped workers who jumped from the smoldering building engulfed by flames, witnesses at the scene said.
Fire official Golam Mostafa said the fire Tuesday started in a 10-story factory owned by local business giant Ha-Meem Group in the Ashulia industrial zone, just outside Dhaka. It was not immediately clear what caused the blaze, and the government ordered an investigation.
Interior Minister Shahara Khatun said after visiting the site her ministry would probe whether it was related to recent violent protests at textile factories over wages.
Monir Hossain, a local journalist at the scene, told The Associated Press the blaze broke out on the two upper floors during lunch break. A gate on a stairwell was locked, trapping people inside the factory, which mainly produces T-shirts for international brands, he quoted witnesses as saying.
Another journalist, Rafiqul Islam, said he saw at least 25 bodies being loaded onto ambulances.
Diganta television reported at least 27 people died and more than 100 were injured. ATN News also said rescuers recovered 27 bodies.
Officials predicted the death toll would rise, said Islam.
A witness named Kader said he saw 50 to 60 people jumping off the 10th floor to escape the raging blaze, according to Associated Press Television News. Kader like many Bangladeshis uses one name.
Factory worker Mohammad Atiq said by phone from the scene that he saw at least five people die after leaping off the upper floors.
About 13,000 people work at the factory on shifts each day, though most were outside buying lunch when the fire started, Islam said.
Soldiers and police cordoned off the building as firefighters continued their search. By Tuesday evening, the fire was under control, said fire department's Deputy Director Abdur Rashid.
The company and the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association announced they would provide 100,000 takas ($1,370) in compensation to each family of the dead and pay for the treatment of the injured.
Workers' safety in the rapidly growing textile industry is a major concern but in recent years has improved, the association said.
Labor rights groups say safety standards are still inadequate in many factories.
In February, a fire at a sweater factory just outside Dhaka killed 21 people and injured dozens.
Bangladesh has about 4,000 garment factories that export more than $10 billion worth of products a year, mainly to the United States and Europe. Customers include Wal-Mart, Tesco, H&M, Zara, Carrefour, Gap, Metro, JCPenney, Marks & Spencer, Kohl's, Levi Strauss and Tommy Hilfiger.
Recent protests by low-paid garment workers have gripped the country. Workers demanding the implementation of a new minimum wage clashed with police at an industrial zone in southeastern Bangladesh on Sunday, leaving up to three people dead and 100 hurt.
Authorities opened fire and used tear gas after thousands of workers attacked factories and smashed vehicles at the Chittagong Export Processing Zone. The zone — 135 miles (215 kilometers) southeast of Dhaka — houses about 70 foreign companies that mainly manufacture garments, shoes and bicycles, and employ about 150,000 workers.
Smaller protests have taken place around Dhaka. On Sunday, workers in the capital blocked a busy road and set two vehicles on fire, police said.
Garment workers in Bangladesh are among the lowest-paid in the world, according to the International Trade Union Confederation, a Vienna-based labor rights group.
In the first increase since 2006, the government in July raised the official minimum wage to 3,000 takas ($45) a month from 1,662 takas ($25). The new pay structure took effect in November, but workers say many factories haven't implemented it yet.
APTN cameraman Al Emrun Gorjon contributed to this report.