A celebrity magazine accused deported Russian spy Anna Chapman of copyright violation after she posed for a photo spread and then posted one of the shots on Facebook more than a week ahead of the spread's scheduled publication.

The photo, showing the red-haired femme fatale in a low-cut white dress seated by a window overlooking the Kremlin, marks her return from two months' seclusion following her arrest and the much-publicized U.S.-Russia spy swap. The photo, posted earlier this week, drew rave reviews from her Facebook friends and circulated widely before the flap with its owner, Zhara (Russian for Heat) magazine.

On Thursday she took down the photo without explanation and posted a new profile picture on her Facebook page—in a high-necked white dress by a lake. That photo wasn't part of the magazine spread that is due to be published Wednesday.

Zhara's editor in chief, Maxim Korshunov, said its legal complaint against Ms. Chapman, filed in a Moscow court, was proceeding because the photo was all over the Internet. Ms. Chapman didn't respond to a request to comment, and her American lawyer, Robert Baum, said he knew nothing about the photo arrangement.

Russia's spymasters have kept the 10 agents out of public view since their deportation from the U.S. in July. But Ms. Chapman is widely expected to capitalize on her celebrity. According to various Russian media reports, she has been secretly shopping for a six-figure media deal to tell how she infiltrated American society—despite a plea bargain agreement with U.S. authorities stipulating that any money she gets from deals related to her story would go to the U.S. government.

Mr. Korshunov said Ms. Chapman had agreed to "an exclusive interview and an exclusive photo shoot," but said she was paid nothing for the mid-July session in a suite at a Moscow luxury hotel that produced about 200 photos.

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