Today is Monday, July 28, the 210th day of 2008. There are 156 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On July 28, 1945, a U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building, killing 14 people.

On this date:

In 1540, King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.

In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.

In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing due process of law, was certified in effect by Secretary of State William H. Seward.

In 1914, World War I began as Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

In 1928, the Olympic games opened in Amsterdam.

In 1932, federal troops forcibly dispersed the so-called "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand money they weren't scheduled to receive until 1945.

In 1945, the U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2.

In 1965, President Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000 "almost immediately."

In 1977, Roy Wilkins turned over leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to Benjamin L. Hooks.

In 2002, nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset, Pa., were rescued after 77 hours underground.

Ten years ago: During a day of official mourning, President Clinton praised two slain police officers at the U.S. Capitol as heroes whose sacrifice "consecrated this house of freedom." General Motors Corp. reached a tentative agreement with the United Auto Workers to end an almost two-month-old strike. Bell Atlantic and GTE announced a $52 billion merger deal that created Verizon. Monica Lewinsky received blanket immunity in exchange for providing "full and truthful testimony" to a grand jury investigating President Clinton.

Five years ago: Rebels in Liberia captured Buchanan, the country's second-largest city.

One year ago: Vice President Dick Cheney, with a history of heart problems, had surgery to replace an implanted device that was monitoring his heartbeat.

Today's Birthdays: Movie director Andrew V. McLaglen is 88. Actor Darryl Hickman is 77. The former president of Peru, Alberto Fujimori, is 70. Rock musician Rick Wright (Pink Floyd) is 65. Former Sen. Bill Bradley, D-N.J., is 65. "Garfield" creator Jim Davis is 63. Singer Jonathan Edwards is 62. Actress Linda Kelsey is 62. TV producer Dick Ebersol is 61. Actress Sally Struthers is 60. Actress Georgia Engel is 60. Rock musician Simon Kirke (Bad Company) is 59. Rock musician Steve Morse (Deep Purple) is 54. Broadcast journalist Scott Pelley is 51. Actor Michael Hayden is 45. Jazz musician-producer Delfeayo Marsalis is 43. Actress Elizabeth Berkley is 36. Singer Afroman is 34. Country musician Todd Anderson (Heartland) is 33. Rock singer Jacoby Shaddix (Papa Roach) is 32. Country singer Carly Goodwin is 27. Actor Dustin Milligan is 23.

Thought for Today: "He who is learned is not wise; He who is wise is not learned." _ From the Tao (dow) Te Ching, the sacred book of Taoism.

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