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Fox News Weather Center

Major snowstorm may threaten DC to NYC Friday into Saturday

The potential exists for a major snowstorm to affect more than 50 million across the eastern United States at the end of the week.

Areas from near Washington, D.C., to around New York City are within the swath most likely to receive the heaviest snow from the storm.

The exact track of a storm will hold the key as to which areas in mid-Atlantic and New England are hit with heavy snow, dangerous highway travel and scores of flight delays and cancellations during Friday into Saturday.

Unlike most storms so far this winter, this system will have sufficient enough cold air to produce snow and disruptions to daily activities in some areas of the East that have seen little thus far.

Storm impacts

If the storm develops to its full potential and takes a track just off the mid-Atlantic and New England coasts, then a blizzard can unfold. The storm could shut down highways and perhaps cause airports to close.

This is the type of storm that is likely to produce a very heavy rate of snow.

Since the storm will strengthen rapidly and will tap plenty of moisture from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean on its path, snowfall rates of 1-3 inches per hour are possible. There is the potential for the hardest-hit areas to receive 1-2 feet of snow from the storm.

In the swath of heaviest snow, motorists who venture out during the storm could become stranded.

Thunder and lightning could accompany the heavy snow in some coastal locations.

As the storm strengthens near the coast, winds will increase, and blowing and drifting snow will develop.

Along the mid-Atlantic and New England coast, a period of rough seas, minor coastal flooding and beach erosion can occur. The approaching full moon will cause high astronomical tides around the days where the storm will be near the coast, leading to heightened coastal concerns.

Storm timing

The storm will roll onshore in northern California to start the week, then dip southward toward the Gulf of Mexico at midweek, before turning northeastward along the Atlantic coast on Friday.

The wintry mix will ramp up over the southern Appalachians during Thursday night.

On Friday, the wintry part of storm will focus on the mid-Atlantic region.

Part of New England would be most affected by the storm from Friday night into Saturday night.

Based on the most likely storm track at this time, the swath from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore and Philadelphia appears to be smack in the middle of the swath of heavy snow.

According to AccuWeather Senior Meteorologist Brett Anderson, "Should the storm continue northeastward, rather than turn more to the east at the last minute, Boston, Providence, Rhode Island, and Hartford, Connecticut, would also be buried in snow."

In either case, little to no snow would likely fall over northwestern Pennsylvania, upstate New York and northern New England, Anderson stated.

A wet or wintry mix scenario is most likely from northeastern North Carolina to southeastern Virginia, part of the Delmarva Peninsula and southern New Jersey.

Alternative scenarios

A shift in the storm track by 50-100 miles farther north would allow precipitation to become mixed with or change to rain in the I-95 corridor. A more northerly track would push the heaviest snow across the central and northern Appalachians. This track appears to be less likely at this time.

Should the storm take a more southerly track, mostly snow would fall from western and northern North Carolina and southern Virginia to southern New Jersey. The I-95 swath and the northern and western suburbs from Washington, D.C., to Boston might be spared the worst from the storm in this case.

The El Niño pattern has been sending moisture-rich storms across the nation so far this winter, AccuWeather Senior Meteorologist Dave Dombek stated.

"We are just now at the point where the air is cold enough with the ongoing storms to awaken a sleeping giant in terms of a snowstorm," Dombek said.