By many measures, there is no tougher place to be black in America than Milwaukee, where in recent days the shooting death of a black man by a black police officer has led to violent protests and riots that destroyed businesses.

The city of 600,000 along Lake Michigan is also the country's most segregated metropolitan area, surpassing larger Midwestern cities such as Chicago, Cleveland and Detroit. That's according to a 2012 Manhattan Institute analysis of census data.

Black residents make up 40 percent of Milwaukee's population. Most are concentrated on the north side, away from the breweries and festivals that draw tourists to the waterfront.

People on the north side are far more likely to be poor, to be incarcerated or to be unemployed than those in the city overall.