Americans, Japanese and many Europeans are glum about their national economies. By contrast, Chinese, Indians and Australians feel positive about theirs.

Those are among the findings from a survey of 20,132 people in 16 countries by the Pew Research Center. Just 44 percent of Americans rated the U.S. economy as "good," although that proportion has risen steadily from 18 percent in 2011.

China's economic growth has been decelerating for five years, but 87 percent of Chinese still describe their economy as good. So do 80 percent of Indians and 57 percent of Australians.

People in Japan and in many European countries regard their economies as poor. But there are exceptions: Germans, Swedes and Dutch rank their economies highly. European men tend to rate their national economies higher than women do.