US

Native American runners honor men who refused to participate in Colorado's Sand Creek Massacre

  • Members of an honor guard from the Arapaho and Cheyenne Native American tribes participate in a sunrise gathering marking the 150th year since the Sand Creek Massacre, at Riverside Cemetery, in Denver, Wednesday Dec. 3, 2014. Denver's oldest cemetery is the resting place for U.S. Army Capt. Silas Soule, a hero to many Native Americans, who was one of two U.S. Army officers who refused to fire on the Native American families killed at the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)

    Members of an honor guard from the Arapaho and Cheyenne Native American tribes participate in a sunrise gathering marking the 150th year since the Sand Creek Massacre, at Riverside Cemetery, in Denver, Wednesday Dec. 3, 2014. Denver's oldest cemetery is the resting place for U.S. Army Capt. Silas Soule, a hero to many Native Americans, who was one of two U.S. Army officers who refused to fire on the Native American families killed at the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)  (The Associated Press)

  • This archival photo provided by the Denver Public Library, Western History Collection, shows Capt. Silas Soule, who was one of two U.S. Army officers who refused to fire on the Arapaho and Cheyenne families killed at the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. Soule later testified against his commanding officer in the attack, Col. John Chivington, and was later shot and killed in downtown Denver. Two fellow soldiers were accused of killing him but were never brought to justice. The 150th anniversary of the killings of Native Americans, mostly women, children and the elderly, was marked by a 180-mile healing run, ending in Denver on Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014. (AP Photo/Denver Public Library, Western History Collection)

    This archival photo provided by the Denver Public Library, Western History Collection, shows Capt. Silas Soule, who was one of two U.S. Army officers who refused to fire on the Arapaho and Cheyenne families killed at the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. Soule later testified against his commanding officer in the attack, Col. John Chivington, and was later shot and killed in downtown Denver. Two fellow soldiers were accused of killing him but were never brought to justice. The 150th anniversary of the killings of Native Americans, mostly women, children and the elderly, was marked by a 180-mile healing run, ending in Denver on Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014. (AP Photo/Denver Public Library, Western History Collection)  (The Associated Press)

  • Members and supporters of the Arapaho and Cheyenne Native American tribes are blessed by tribal leaders as they arrive for a sunrise gathering marking the 150th year since the Sand Creek Massacre, at Riverside Cemetery, in Denver, Wednesday Dec. 3, 2014. Denver's oldest cemetery is the resting place for U.S. Army Capt. Silas Soule, a hero to many Native Americans, who was one of two U.S. Army officers who refused to fire on the Native American families killed at the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)

    Members and supporters of the Arapaho and Cheyenne Native American tribes are blessed by tribal leaders as they arrive for a sunrise gathering marking the 150th year since the Sand Creek Massacre, at Riverside Cemetery, in Denver, Wednesday Dec. 3, 2014. Denver's oldest cemetery is the resting place for U.S. Army Capt. Silas Soule, a hero to many Native Americans, who was one of two U.S. Army officers who refused to fire on the Native American families killed at the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)  (The Associated Press)

Cheyenne and Arapahoe tribal members are marking the 150th anniversary of the Sand Creek Massacre in Colorado, one of the deadliest massacres in American history.

They're paying tribute to two Army officers who refused to participate in the slaughter, which left about 200 Cheyenne and Arapaho dead. Many of those killed in the November 1864 massacre were women and children.

Capt. Silas Soule and Lt. Joseph Cramer were honored in a service early Wednesday at Denver's Riverside Cemetery. Tribal members are honoring their gravesites before completing an annual healing run to the state Capitol.

About 70 are running to the Capitol, where Gov. John Hickenlooper is expected to make an announcement about the massacre.

The four-day run began at the massacre site in Eads, about 180 miles southeast of Denver.