Published September 16, 2013
WASHINGTON – U.S. factories increased output in August by the most in eight months, helped by a robust month at auto plants. The gains are a hopeful sign that manufacturing could help boost economic growth in the second half of the year.
Manufacturing production rose 0.7 percent last month from July, the Federal Reserve said Monday. That's the biggest increase since December. It followed a 0.4 percent decline in July.
Automakers increased production 5.2 percent, after a 4.5 percent decline in July. And factories stepped up production of other goods, including computers and electronics, furniture and business equipment.
Overall industrial production rose 0.4 percent in August following no change in July. Mining, which includes oil production, increased but output at utilities fell for a fifth month.
Factory output is the largest component of industrial production. The strong gain adds to other signs that manufacturing could be rebounding from a weak start this year.
A closely watched survey from the Institute of Supply Management said U.S. manufacturing activity expanded last month at the fastest pace since June 2011. New orders rose, including demand from overseas.
U.S. factories may be benefiting from a stronger global economy. The 17 countries that use the euro grew in the April-June quarter after six quarters of recession. And a private survey of purchasing managers in China found that manufacturing in that country expanded for the first time after shrining for three months. China, the world's second-largest economy, is a major market for U.S. companies.
The U.S. economy grew at an annual rate of 2.5 percent in the April-June quarter. Many economists predict growth is slowing to an annual rate of around 2 percent in the current July-September quarter. But they predict growth will pick up again in the final three months of this year.
Analysts are also more optimistic that growth could strength next year, as the impact of tax hikes and government spending cuts fade.
Federal Reserve officials begin a two-day policy meeting on Tuesday. Many economists expect the Fed will vote at that meeting to reduce its $85 billion per month in bond purchases, although only by small amount. The purchases have been designed to lower long-term interest rates as a way of boosting economic activity and jobs.