Andre Curry, 21, faces charges of aggravated domestic battery, aggravated battery and unlawful restraint, Cook County State's Attorney's office spokesman Andy Conklin said, according to the Chicago Tribune.
Prosecutors said Curry decided to tie his daughter up after he witnessed her playing with duct tape on Dec. 13.
Curry, an Applebee's employee, put the tape over her mouth and bound her wrists and ankles together. He then allegedly took a photograph of her with his cell phone and published it on Facebook.
A caption accompanying the image read, "This is wut happens wen my baby hits me back. ; )"
Chicago police investigated Curry the following day after the photo was brought to their attention.
Curry was ordered held on $100,000 bond on Dec. 21 and barred from contact with his daughter or any other children under the age of 18.
He claimed he photo was a joke, and his attorney, public defender Anand Sundaram, told the Chicago Sun-Times that the incident had been "blown out of proportion."
Curry has no criminal record other than a misdemeanor conviction for placing a license plate onto a car to which it did not belong, according to the Sun-Times. The Illinois Department of Children and Family Services said it had no contact with the family before the incident.
He is scheduled to be arraigned Jan. 26, and faces up to seven years in prison if convicted on the felony aggravated domestic battery charge.