The unemployment rate fell to 9 percent in January from 9.4 percent the previous month, as a surprisingly large number of people said they found jobs. Still, employers added only a net total of 36,000 new jobs, partly because harsh winter weather caused construction firms and other companies to temporarily lay off employees.

Below are some breakdowns of how these changes affected different groups and industries:

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE BY GROUP:
(Numbers in percentages)
Jan. Dec.
White: 8 8.5
Black: 15.7 15.8
Hispanic: 11.9 13
Asian (not seasonally adjusted): 6.9 7.2
Adult men: 8.8 9.4
Adult women: 7.9 8.1
Teenagers: 25.7 25.4
20-24 years old: 15.2 15.3
25-54 years old: 7.9 8.5
55 and over: 6.7 6.9
No high school diploma: 14.2 15.3
High school graduates: 9.4 9.8
Some college: 8 8.1
College graduates: 4.2 4.8
DURATION OF UNEMPLOYMENT:
Average length (weeks): 36.9 34.2
Jobless 6 months or more (pct.): 43.8 44.3
JOB CHANGES BY SECTOR:
(number of jobs)
Private employers: 50,000 139,000
Manufacturing: 49,000 14,000
Retail: 27,500 2,800
Health care: 10,600 26,700
Financial activities: -10,000 0
Temporary help: -11,400 38,100
Restaurants and bars: -4,400 3,300
Construction: -32,000 -17,000
State and local government: -12,000 -26,000