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Botulism

Botulinum Toxin

 What Is It?Produced by the bacterium clostridium botulinum , this agent is the most poisonous substance known to man. It can strike humans in two forms not relevant to bioterror: infantile botulism, which occurs when children less than 1-year-old ingest large amounts of the spore form; and wound-type botulism, which is very rare and occurs when an open wound comes into contact with the toxin. The high toxicity of botulinum toxin, its wide availability and the likely need for long-term medical care for victims make it an effective bioweapon, but it must be highly refined to work as an aerosol. About 60 percent of those left untreated from ingestional botulism die.How Is It Spread?The toxin can cause disease in humans through ingestion and inhalation, and can be spread via aerosol dissemination or the intentional contamination of foods or drinks. Contamination is the most likely method of attack, since trying to infect people via inhalation methods would be harder to carry out. The toxi...

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  1. Castleberry Expands Food Recall Over Link to Botulism Outbreak

    People should immediately throw away more than 90 different products, from chili sauce to corned beef hash to dog food, produced at a plant linked to a botulism outb...

  2. FDA: Botox, Competitor Linked to Child Deaths, Side Effects Similar to Botulism

    The popular anti-wrinkle drug Botox and a competitor Myobloc have been linked to some deaths and other severe side effects suggestive of botulism, the government war...

  3. Doctor, Wife Accused of Injecting Patients with Non-Botox Botulism

    A doctor and his wife are accused of injecting patients with an unapproved botulism toxin instead of Botox, authorities said.Dr. Stephen Lee Seldon, 52, and his wife...

  4. Russia, China halt New Zealand dairy imports over botulism scare

    A botulism scare has prompted China and Russia to stop importing New Zealand milk powder and other dairy products, denting the country's reputation as a supplier of ...

  5. New Zealand botulism scare triggers mass global recall

    New Zealand authorities have triggered a global recall of up to 1,000 tons of dairy products across seven countries after dairy giant Fonterra announced tests had tu...

  6. Food Potentially Infected With Botulism Still on Shelves Despite Recall

    Stores nationwide are continuing to sell recalled canned chili , stew, hash and other foods potentially contaminated with poisonous bacteria even after repeated warn...

  7. New Mexico Man Paralyzed With Botulism Poisoning; Officials Eye Recall

    A New Mexico man is paralyzed with botulism poisoning and state health officials said Wednesday they are trying to determine if he ate canned food involved in a nati...

  8. FDA: Castleberry's, Austex and Kroger Brands Chili Sauces Linked to Paralyzing Botulism

    Federal health officials warned consumers Wednesday to throw away certain cans of hot dog chili sauce after the product was linked to the first cases of botulism in ...

  9. China orders US baby formula recall in milk scare

    China has ordered US pharmaceutical company Abbott to recall some products in the country over a botulism scare centred on New Zealand dairy giant Fonterra, authorit...

  10. Allergan: Botox Not to Blame for Botulism

    Allergan Inc. ( AGN ), a maker of pharmaceutical products, on Monday said the Food and Drug Administration ( search ) filed an affidavit in a federal court that show...

  11. Botulism Scare Prompts Company to Shut Ga. Factory

    Castleberry's Food Company has closed its production facility in Augusta, Ga., after 16 cans of chili sauce tested positive for botulism over the weekend, company of...

  12. Infant Recovering From Rare Case of Botulism

    A month-old Grants Pass infant being treated at Doernbecher Children's Hospital in Portland has begun to recover from a rare case of infant botulism.Botulism affects...

  1. New Zealand says no sign of botulism in recalled dairy products

    A botulism scare that damaged New Zealand's international reputation for providing top quality and safe dairy products was likely a false alarm.New Zealand governmen...

  2. Fonterra products didn't have botulism bacteria after all, New Zealand tests show

    Dairy giant Fonterra's products at the center of a global contamination scare this month did not contain a bacteria that could cause botulism, and posed no food safe...

  3. New Zealand dairy giant issues global botulism alert

    New Zealand warned international health authorities Saturday of exported dairy products, including infant formula, containing a bacteria that could lead to botulism ...

  4. Deadliest known substance kept secret: a botox super-toxin

    Scientists have discovered a new type of botox they believe is the "deadliest substance known to man" and have withheld the DNA sequence because an antidote is not k...

  5. Food Company Recalls Olives and Soup Over Botulism Fears

    Certain types of olives and soup sold across the US were being recalled by distributor United Natural Foods, Inc. (UNFI) amid fears that they could be tainted with a...

  6. Hot Dog Chili Sauce Recalled Over Botulism Fears

    Federal health officials warned consumers Wednesday to throw away certain cans of hot dog chili sauce after the product was linked to the first cases of botulism in ...

  7. Canned Meat Recall Expanded Over Botulism Scare

    A Georgia meat processor expanded its recall of canned meat products that may be connected to a botulism outbreak.Castleberry's Food Co. of Augusta recalled more tha...

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