Births by Caesarean section in the U.S. reached an all-time high in 2007 when some 1.4 million babies, or 32 percent of births, were delivered by the method, a study showed Tuesday.
The rate of Caesarean sections jumped by 53 percent between 1996 and 2007, and the number of births by C-section soared by 71 percent during the same period, the study released by the National Center for Health Statistics showed.
In one year during the study period, 2006, Caesarean delivery was the most frequently performed surgical procedure in U.S. hospitals.
The rate of Caesarean births — in which the infant, placenta and membranes are extracted from the womb through an incision made in the abdominal and uterine walls — rose for women in all age groups.
In the first five years covered by the study, 1996 - 2000, C-sections rose by single-digit percentages across all age groups, but between 2000 and 2007, the rate picked up significantly and rose by 33 percent across the board.
Women under the age of 25 saw the steepest rise, with C-sections rising by 57 percent between 2000 and 2007.
But older women were still the most likely to have babies by Caesarean section.
Forty-eight percent of mothers aged 40-54 years delivered their babies by C-section in 2007, compared to 23 percent of mothers under 20.
All racial and ethnic groups saw large increases in C-section rates, and Caesarean birth rates were up for all gestational ages, the study shows.
The study cited older maternal age, mothers' choice, doctors' practice patterns and legal pressures as factors that could be contributing to the continued rise of C-section births.
The U.S. Caesarean birth rate is more than twice the 15 percent rate considered optimal by the World Health Organization.
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