THE HAGUE, Netherlands – Details of the charges included in the arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir issued Wednesday by the International Criminal Court.
Crimes against humanity:
—Intentionally directing attacks against a civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking direct part in hostilities
According to Wednesday's decision, these crimes are alleged to have taken place against the part of the civilian population of Darfur — belonging largely to the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa groups — that was perceived by the Government of Sudan as being close to rebel groups including the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army and the Justice and Equality Movement.
This was allegedly part of a counter-insurgency campaign agreed on by al-Bashir and other high-ranking Sudanese political and military leaders, that started soon after the April 2003 attack on El Fasher airport and lasted until at least July 14, 2008.
As the de jure and de facto President of Sudan and Commander in chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces, al-Bashir is alleged to have played an essential role in coordinating the campaign.