Menu
Home

Ten Most Wanted Nazi War Criminals: Time Has Not Diminished Their Crimes

It's been nearly 63 years since the end of World War II, but time has not dimmed the crimes of 10 men wanted for their roles in committing atrocities and murder against innocents in the name of Nazi domination.

The Simon Wiesenthal Center released the names of the 10 on Wednesday:

1. Alois Brunner: Believed to be living in Syria, he was an operative of Adolf Eichmann and responsible for the deportation of Jews from Austria (47,000), Greece (44,000), France (23,500) and Slovakia (14,000) to death Nazi death camps. Brunner was convicted in absentia by France, but Syria has refused to cooperate with the investigation of his whereabouts.

2. Aribert Heim: Investigators don't have many leads of his whereabouts, but there is strong evidence that he is still alive. Heim was a doctor in the Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald and Mauthausen death camps. He is charged with performing horrific experiments on camp inmates, including an experiment at Mauthausen that involved testing the effectiveness of various chemicals and drugs for lethal injections. Heim vanished in 1962.

3. Ivan Demjanjuk: Convicted in 1988 by an Israeli court of being "Ivan the Terrible," the notorious SS guard who operated the gas chambers at the Treblinka death camp, a conviction that later was overturned by Israel's Supreme Court on grounds of reasonable doubt. Demjanjuk and his wife emigrated to the U.S. from Hungary in 1958. His citizenship was revoked in 1981 and he was later deported to Israel for trial. His citizen ship was ordered restored in 1998, but the Justice Department filed an appeal that was upheld. Demjanjuk then was tried and convicted on charges he committed mass murder while serving as a guard in the Sobibor and Majdanek death camps in Poland. He was ordered deported to Ukraine in 2005, but remains in the U.S. on appeals.

4. Milivoj Asner: Living in Austria, Asner served as police chief of Slovonska Ponega, Poland. Prosecutors say Asner played an active role in the persecution, deportation and murder of hundreds of Serbs, Jews and gypsies. Austria has refused to extradite him to Israel or Croatia for trial.

5. Sandor Kepiro: Living in Hungary, Kepiro served as a Hungarian policeman and is accused of the mass murder of 1,200 civilians in Novi Sad, Serbia. Originally convicted in absentia in 1946, he went unpunished and was allowed to live out his life, though Hungarian authorities have recently opened a new investigation into his crimes.

6. Mikhail Gorshkow: Believed living in Estonia after being denaturalized and deported from the U.S., Gorshkow participated in the murder of Jews in Belarus.

7. Erna Wallisch: Living in Austria, Wallisch served as a guard at the Madjanek death camp and has admitted his role in the mass murder of inmates. Austria refuses to prosecute due to its statute of limitations and will not extradite him to Poland for investigation and trial.

8. Soeren Kam: Living in Germany, Kam participated in the murder of anti-Nazi Danish newspaper editor Carl Henrik Clemmensen. Kam also stole the citizen registry of the Danish Jewish community and orchestrated the roundup and deportation of Jews to death camps, where dozens were murdered. Kam was indicted in Denmark for his crimes, but a German court refused to extradite him. At the request of the Wiesenthal Center, Dutch authorities have reopened the case.

9. Karoly (Charles) Zentai: Living in Australia, Zentai participated in manhunts, persecution, deportation and murder of Jews in Budapest. Discovered living in Australia in 2004, Zentai is appealing his extradition to Hungary.

10a. Algimantas Dailide: Living in Germany, Dailide arrested Jews who were then murdered by Nazis and Lithuanian collaborators. He emigrated to the U.S., was deported back to Germany, stood trial and was convicted in absentia by Lithuania, which has refused to implement his sentence.

10b. Harry Mannil: Living in Venezuela, Mannil arrested Jews and Communists who then were executed by Nazis and Estonian collaborators.

Source: Simon Wiesenthal Center