Brazil's program to reduce dependence on imported oil has show success:
— In the mid-1980s, imports accounted for more than 70 percent of Brazil's oil and derivatives needs; the net figure now is nearing zero
— Brazil is expected to become a net exporter of oil by the end of 2007
— Brazil is one of the world's leading producers of hydroelectric power
— Of Brazil's total installed electricity-generation capacity of 90,000 megawatts, hydropower accounts for 66,000 megawatts (74 percent)
Ethanol Use, Production
— Brazil is the largest exporter of ethanol in the world, producing 282,000 barrels per day in 2005
— Over half of all cars in Brazil are of the flex-fuel variety, meaning that they can run on 100 percent ethanol or an ethanol-gasoline mixture
— Ethanol in Brazil comes from sugar cane, which prospers in the country's tropical climate
— In recent years, Brazil has sought to increase ethanol exports, especially to the United States.
— In 2005, Brazil exported 7,200 barrels per day of ethanol to the United States
Sources: U.S. departments of State and Energy.