"One Nation Under God" Quiz — Answers!

Check your answers to the "One Nation Under God" quiz below — correct answers are in red, and incorrect answers are in gray.

Question 1: What Founding Father wrote, "Our Constitution was made for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other?

A. John Hancock
B. Samuel Adams

C. John Adams
D. Bejamin Franklin

Question 2: Who was the first U.S. president to write a letter to a Jewish congregation?

A. Thomas Jefferson
B. George Washington
C. James Madison
D. Martin Van Buren

In 1790, one year after he took office, he responded to a letter from the Congregation Kahal Kadosh Yeshuat Israel, also known as the Hebrew Congregation of Newport, Rhode Island.

In his response, Washington stated: "May the Children of the Stock of Abraham, who dwell in this land, continue to merit and enjoy the good will of the other Inhabitants; while every one shall sit under his own vine and fig tree, and there shall be none to make him afraid."

Question 3: Where does the original text of the Constitution (not the Bill Of Rights, which was added later) mention religion?

A. Article IV
B. Article VI
C. The Constitution does not even mention God
D. Both A & B are correct

Article VI of the Constitution states "...no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States."

Question 4: What famous observer of America wrote "I do not know whether all Americans have a sincere faith in their religion, for who can read the human heart? But I am certain that they hold it to be indispensable to the maintenance of republican institutions?"

A. Gustave de Beaumont
B. Louis Napoléon Bonaparte
C. Sir Thomas More

D. Alexis de Tocqueville

Alexis de Tocqueville wrote it in his classic 1835 book, Democracy In America.

Question 5: Which president, during a White House dinner, told a clergyman, "I know that the Lord is always on the side of the right. But it is my constant anxiety and prayer that I and this nation should be on the Lord's side?"

A. Thomas Jefferson
B. James Buchanan
C. Dwight Eisenhower

D. Abraham Lincoln

Question 6: When was the phrase "under God" added to the Pledge Of Allegiance?

A. 1892
B. 1954
C. 1942
D. 1492

The earliest version of the pledge ("I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands; one nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all"), was published in 1892, in a magazine called The Youth's Companion. It grew in popularity and was adopted by Congress, with some modification, as America's official pledge in 1942.

The phrase "Under God" was added on June 14, 1954, Flag Day. President Dwight Eisenhower declared: "In this way we are reaffirming the transcendence of religious faith in America's heritage and future; in this way we shall constantly strengthen those spiritual weapons which forever will be our country's most powerful resource in peace and war."

Question 7: "God Bless America," written by Irving Berlin, has been called the United States' unofficial national anthem. Berlin signed over the royalties the song earns to what two groups?

A. The Knights of Columbus and the Daughters of the American Revolution
B. The Freemasons and the Church of Scientology

C. The Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America
D. The Republican Party and the Democratic Party


Question 8: What Church have more presidents belonged to than any other?

A. Episcopal
B. Lutheran
C. Presbyterian
D. Catholic

Twelve presidents were Episcopalian: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, Franklin Pierce, Chester A. Arthur, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush. (Theodore Roosevelt had affiliation with some Episcopalian parishes, but was officially identified as Dutch Reformed.)

The second most popular denomination is Presbyterian.

Question 9: Where in Washington can a Gutenberg Bible be found on permanent display?

A. The Smithsonian
B. The White House

C. Library Of Congress
D. The Supreme Court

The only other item there on permanent display is the hand-printed Giant Bible of Mainz, widely considered to be one of the most beautiful Bibles ever.

Question 10: Who was the first Muslim elected to Congress?

A. Muhammad Malik
B. Tammy Lee Brown

C. Keith Ellison
D. Martin Olav Sabo

Keith Ellison, of Minnesota's Fifth Congressional District, was elected in November 2006.