Military helicopters lowered a rescue team by rope Saturday into the remote Amazon jungle site where an airliner slammed into the ground, but authorities held out little hope of finding survivors among the 155 people on board.
The team had begun clearing dense vegetation near the wreckage site so a helicopter could land. However, a statement by aviation officials said "so far it is impossible to confirm the existence of survivors in the area."
He said it was unlikely anyone on board the Gol flight from the jungle city of Manaus en route to Brasilia and Rio de Janeiro survived when the plane struck the ground, traveling at more than 300 mph. Nobody on the smaller plane, which was carrying a New York Times columnist, was injured.
Air force helicopter pilots hovering over the crash site saw no signs of an intact fuselage and the debris appeared to cover only a small area.
"At that speed it is highly unlikely any survivors will be found," he said.
If no survivors are found, it would be the deadliest air accident in Brazil's history. In 1982, a Boeing 727 operated by Brazil's now-defunct Vasp airline crashed in the northeastern city of Fortaleza, killing 137 people.
The wreckage was found near a cattle ranch, 1,090 miles northwest of Sao Paulo in the state of Mato Grosso. The manager of the 49,500-acre ranch said the plane may have crashed inside the neighboring Xingu Indian reservation.
"We heard a loud explosion and some of our employees saw a plane flying low," the ranch manager, Milton Picalho, said by phone. "Judging from the direction the noise came from, I would say it crashed inside the reservation."
Pereira said the jetliner may have either collided with a Brazilian-made Legacy executive jet or the two aircraft may have grazed each other.
"There was some kind of contact between the two aircraft and it is highly probable that this was the cause," he said. "But we will only be absolutely certain after a full investigation."
"The main question the investigation must address is how can this happen with two ultramodern aircraft with collision-preventing equipment," he said.
The smaller plane, which carries up to 16 passengers, was making its inaugural flight to the United States, where it had been purchased by an American company, said its manufacturer, Embraer. It made an emergency landing, but no one on board was hurt, Jose Leonardo Mota, a spokesman for Brazil's airport authority.
New York Times spokeswoman Diane McNulty said Times business travel columnist Joe Sharkey was one of seven people aboard the Legacy jet, which was on route from Sao Jose dos Campos, near Sao Paulo, to the United States. Sharkey was on assignment in Brazil for a business magazine specializing on corporate jets.
Sharkey said the Legacy jet stabilized after the apparent collision until it landed at a Brazilian air force base in the Amazon state of Para, according to McNulty.
In a hotel lobby in Brasilia, some 50 somber and weary-eyed family members and friends of those aboard the Gol waited for news of their loved ones. Some complained that the airline was not releasing information.
"The worst thing of all not knowing how it happened and why it happened," said Carmelita Meira, the 70-year-old grandmother of one of the passengers.
In a warehouse owned by Gol, other relatives and friends also awaited news.
Sergio Misaci, 47, said his brother Lazaro, 58, was aboard the flight from Manaus and was traveling to Brasilia to celebrate their mother's 80th birthday.
"I have all the hope in the world. We have to root for them and have faith in God," Misaci said on Friday.
It was the first major accident for Gol Linhas Aereas Intelligentes SA, an upstart Brazilian airline that started in 2001 with just six Boeing 737s in 2001, serving seven Brazilian cities. Gol said its jet had been delivered by Boeing Co. just three weeks ago, and had been flown for only 200 hours.
Gol has grown exponentially since it began operations, rapidly gaining market share by offering low-cost tickets, modeling its service after low-cost carriers in the United States and Europe. Gol also benefited from the demise of Brazil's flagship airline Varig, which was deeply in debt and virtually disintegrated earlier this year.
The company is now Brazil's second-largest airline after Tam Linhas Aereas SA, with more than 500 daily flights within Brazil and to Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay.