Erotic images elicit faster and stronger electrical responses in a woman's brain than do images of any other sort.
The finding might not sound groundbreaking, but researchers did not expect such rapid responses to erotic images, which seem to involve different circuits than the processing of other images.
"That surprised us," said study leader Andrey Anokhin of the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "We believed both pleasant and disturbing images would evoke a rapid response, but erotic scenes always elicited the strongest response."
The test involved 264 women who were shown 55 images of water skiers, snarling dogs, partially clad couples in sensual poses and other scenes.
Electrodes on the subjects' scalps measured brain activity.
The signals begin firing long before a subject was conscious of what she was seeing, the researchers reported recently in the journal Brain Research.
Erotic images elicited neuron firing within 160 milliseconds — about 20 percent faster than occurred with any of the other pictures. The stimulation then branched out to other brain regions in all cases, but to different regions for erotic images than for others.
Previous research indicated men are more aroused by erotic images than women are, so Anokhin and his colleagues expected women to respond with lower levels of brain activity compared to men.
"But that was not the case," Anokhin said. "Women have responses as strong as those seen in men."
The monitoring method, called an electroencephalogram (EEG), was used because it could distinguish tiny time differences.
But it can't pinpoint specific brain locations where the activity occurs. Such accuracy would require similar studies using MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and PET (positron emission tomography) scans.
The next question on Anokhin's mind: whether or not the human prefrontal cortex contains special neurons tuned for sex.
Copyright © 2006 Imaginova Corp. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.