People in communities large and small gathered signatures on petitions that put the referendums on the spring election ballot, urging President Bush to bring home the troops. Though the referendums carry no legal weight, organizers hoped to send a message.
With referenda in larger, Democratic-leaning cities like Madison and La Crosse and in smaller towns that voted for Bush in 2004, Tuesday's vote should be representative of the state's population and politics, said Steve Burns, program coordinator of the Wisconsin Network for Peace and Justice.
"We didn't sort of cherry-pick the location where we'd get a good result, so I think it will be more meaningful," Burns said.
Asked about the votes, White House Press Secretary Scott McClellan said all Americans want the troops to come home, but most recognize teh importance of their mission.
"I think most Americans want to see our troops achieve victory. And that's what's important. It's important that the Iraqi leaders continue to move forward and form a unity government that is based on strong leadership and represents -- that represents all Iraqis," he said.
Most of the referenda asked if the voters supported withdrawing the troops immediately, and Evansville also had one urging support of President Bush. The referendum in the town of Newport asked whether the U.S. should hand operational command of Iraq's national security over to the Iraqi government before the end of 2006.
On Saturday, supporters of the war rallied in Madison, driving around the state Capitol and urging voters to defeat the referendums.
In other states, some city councils and voters have approved measures opposing the war or calling for troops to return.