Insurgents in Iraq have kidnapped more than 250 foreigners and killed at least 40 of them:
Thomas Nitzschke and Rene Braeunlich, German engineers. Kidnapped by gunmen Jan. 24 from an Iraqi government-owned detergent plant in Beiji, 155 miles north of Baghdad. Shown in a video made public Jan. 31; kidnappers demand that Germany close its embassy and stop cooperating with the Iraqi government.
- Moses Munyao and George Noballa, Kenyan engineers. Abducted by gunmen in Baghdad on Jan. 18 in an attack on a convoy of the mobile phone company Iraqna. Six security guards and three drivers are killed.
- Six Iranians. Kidnapped Nov. 29, 2005, in Balad, north of Baghdad. Iranian state TV said the next day that two Iranian women had been freed; four men apparently held.
Two Moroccans. Al Qaeda in Iraq, the terror group led by Jordanian Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, issued a statement saying it abducted the men. The Moroccan Foreign Ministry said embassy driver Abderrahim Boualam, 49, and employee Abdelkrim el Mouhafidi, 55, disappeared Oct. 20 after driving back from Jordan, where they went to get paychecks.
- Ali Musluoglu, 48, a Turkish businessman. Kidnapped in Baghdad on May 19, 2005. Shown being held at gunpoint in a video broadcast in June. Captors demand that Turkey stop supporting U.S. forces and prevent Turkish businesses from operating in Iraq.
- Rami Daas, 26, a Palestinian student whose family said he was kidnapped May 9, 2005, by gunmen in the northern city of Mosul.
- Jeffrey Ake, a 47-year-old contract worker from LaPorte, Ind. Abducted April 11, 2005, while working at a water treatment plant in the Baghdad area. Seen on a video broadcast two days later.
- Nabil Tawfiq Sulieman and Matwali Mohammed Qassem, Egyptian engineers for the firm Unitrak. Abducted west of Baghdad according to a video that surfaced March 19, 2005, on an Islamic Web site. The National Movement of the Land of Two Rivers claimed responsibility.
- Ibrahim al-Maharmeh, a Jordanian businessman. Kidnapped in Baghdad on March 5, 2005. The Jordanian Foreign Ministry says his captors demanded $250,000. His brother was abducted earlier and freed after the family paid $50,000 ransom.
Joao Jose Vasconcellos, 55, an engineer from Brazil. Seized in an ambush Jan. 19, 2005, en route to Baghdad airport. An Iraqi and a British security contractor die in the attack, which was claimed in a statement issued by the Ansar al-Sunnah Army and the Mujaheeden Brigades.
- Badri Ghazi Abu Hamzah, a Lebanese businessman. Abduction reported by Lebanese government. Lebanese media quoted his family as saying he was seized on the road to Tikrit on Nov. 6, 2004.
- Sadeq Mohammed Sadeq, a Lebanese-American who formerly worked for SkyLink USA, a Virginia-based contractor. Kidnapped by gunmen around midnight Nov. 2, 2004, from his home in Baghdad. Shown on a video released later that month.
Aban Elias, 41, Iraqi-American civil engineer from Denver. Seized May 3, 2004, by Islamic Rage Brigade.
- Tom Fox, 54, of Clear Brook, Va., one of four men from the Chicago-based peace group Christian Peacemaker Teams. Found fatally shot in Baghdad on March 10. The four men disappeared Nov. 26, 2005, and videotapes show them in captivity. A videotape made public March 7 showed three of the men, but not Fox. The three other captives — two Canadians and a Briton — were rescued March 23.
- Ronald Schulz, 40, of Anchorage, Alaska, an industrial electrician. Shown captive, his hands tied behind his back, in a video made public Dec. 6, 2005. The tape carried the logo of the Islamic Army in Iraq. A later tape claimed he had been killed and another video issued in the group's name purportedly showed a man being shot in the head and Schulz's identity card. His family said in January that they believe he is dead.
- Ali Belaroussi, Algerian charge d'affaires, and Azzedine Belkadi, another Algerian diplomat. Kidnapped by gunmen in Baghdad on July 21, 2005. Al Qaeda in Iraq announced the following week that they had been killed.
- Ihab al-Sherif, 51, an Egyptian envoy seized in Baghdad on July 2, 2005. Al Qaeda in Iraq said in a statement later that it killed the diplomat because Egypt intended to install a full ambassador in Iraq.
- Akihito Saito, 44, a Japanese security manager employed by the British company Hart GMSSCO. The Ansar al-Sunnah Army claimed in a video May 9, 2005, that they took Saito hostage after ambushing a convoy of foreigners and Iraqi troops in western Iraq. A later statement said Saito died of wounds suffered in clashes after the ambush.
- Margaret Hassan, 59, director of CARE international in Iraq and a citizen of Britain, Ireland and Iraq. Abducted Oct. 19, 2004, in Baghdad. Makes videotaped appeals for the withdrawal of British troops and the release of female Iraqi prisoners. On Nov. 15, 2004, her family in London and Al-Jazeera television say they believe she was the hostage whose shooting death was shown on a videotape.
- Shosei Koda, 24, of Japan. Found decapitated, his body wrapped in an American flag, in Baghdad on Oct. 30, 2004. A video had said he was kidnapped by followers of al-Zarqawi, who threatened his life unless Japan withdrew its troops from Iraq.
- Three Macedonian contractors, Dalibor Lazarevski, Zoran Nastovski and Dragan Markovic. Abducted Aug. 21, 2004; Macedonian government confirmed their deaths the following October.
- Ramazan Elbu, a Turkish driver. A video posted Oct. 14, 2004, on the Web site of the Ansar al-Sunnah Army showed his beheading.
- Maher Kemal, a Turkish contractor. Internet posting Oct. 11, 2004, showed his beheading. A statement said he was taken by the Ansar al-Sunnah Army.
- British engineer Kenneth Bigley, 62. Kidnapped Sept. 16, 2004, with two American co-workers for Gulf Services Co. A video issued in al-Zarqawi's name threatened their lives unless the U.S. freed all Iraqi women in custody. The Americans were beheaded first; Bigley's decapitation was confirmed Oct. 10, 2004.
- Jack Hensley, 48, a civil engineer from Marietta, Ga. Seized Sept. 16, 2004; an Internet message posted Sept. 21 reported his killing by al-Zarqawi's followers.
- Eugene "Jack" Armstrong, 52, formerly of Hillsdale, Mich. Kidnapped Sept. 16, 2004; video made public Sept. 20 showed his beheading by al-Zarqawi.
- Akar Besir, a Turkish driver. Body found Sept. 21, 2004.
- Durmus Kumdereli, Turkish truck driver. Beheaded in video made public Sept. 13, 2004, but digitally dated Aug. 17. Video posted on a Web site that carries statements from al-Zarqawi's group.
- Twelve Nepalese construction workers. One beheaded and 11 shot in the head in a video made public Aug. 31, 2004. Killings claimed by Ansar al-Sunnah Army.
Enzo Baldoni, Italian journalist. Reported killed Aug. 26, 2004; Islamic Army in Iraq claimed March 23, 2006, that it killed him.
- Murat Yuce of Turkey. Shot dead in video made public Aug. 2, 2004, by followers of al-Zarqawi.
- Raja Azad, 49, engineer, and Sajad Naeem, 29, driver, both Pakistani. Slain July 28, 2004. The Islamic Army in Iraq said they were killed because Pakistan was considering sending troops to Iraq.
- Georgi Lazov, 30, and Ivaylo Kepov, 32, Bulgarian truck drivers. Al-Zarqawi's followers suspected of decapitating both men.
Kim Sun-il, 33, South Korea translator. Beheaded June 22, 2004, by al-Zarqawi's group.
- Hussein Ali Alyan, 26, Lebanese construction worker. Found shot to death June 12, 2004. Lebanon said his killers sought ransom.
- Fabrizio Quattrocchi, 35, Italian security guard. Killed April 14, 2004. An unknown group, the Green Battalion, claimed responsibility.
- Nicholas Berg, 26, businessman from West Chester, Pa. Kidnapped in April 2004 and beheaded by al-Zarqawi's group.
FREED OR ESCAPED:
- Jill Carroll, 28, an American freelance reporter for The Christian Science Monitor, freed March 30. Kidnapped in Baghdad on Jan. 7 by gunmen who killed her translator. Shown in three videotapes made public in January and February. Twice threatened with death.
- 40 Turks, 20 Lebanese, 20 Jordanians, 16 Chinese, 13 Egyptians, seven Sudanese, six Italians, five Japanese, five other Americans, five French, four Indonesians, four Canadians, three Britons, three Iranian, three Romanians, three Kenyans, three Czechs, three Indians, three Poles, two Macedonians, two Australians, two Filipinos, two Pakistanis, two Russians, a German, an Irish citizen, a Sri Lankan, a Bangladeshi, a Swede, a Syrian, a Nepalese, a Somali, a Lebanese-Cypriot, a Syrian-Canadian, an Iraqi-American and an Arab Christian from Jerusalem.
U.S. Army Spc. Keith M. Maupin, 20, of Batavia, Ohio, and Timothy Bell of Mobile, Ala. Disappeared April 9, 2004, after an attack on a fuel convoy. Arab television reported June 29, 2004, that Maupin had been killed; he is listed as missing by the U.S. military.