Lawyers for Vice President Cheney's former top aide asked a federal judge Thursday to dismiss his indictment because the special prosecutor in the case lacked authority to bring the charges.
In a court filing, lawyers for I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby said the indictment violates the Constitution because Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald was not appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate.
The defense attorneys also said Fitzgerald's appointment violates federal law because he was not supervised by the attorney general or approved by Congress.
"Those constitutional and statutory provisions have been violated in this case," Libby's lawyers wrote.
Fitzgerald was appointed in December 2003 after former Attorney General John Ashcroft recused himself from the investigation because of his close relationships with White House officials. Then-Deputy Attorney General James Comey, acting in Ashcroft's place in the matter, selected Fitzgerald.
Libby, 55, who resigned as Cheney's chief of staff after he was indicted, is charged with lying about how he learned CIA operative Valerie Plame's identity and when he subsequently told reporters. He faces five counts of perjury, false statements and obstruction of justice.
Plame's identity was published in July 2003 by columnist Robert Novak after her husband, former U.S. Ambassador Joseph Wilson, accused the administration of twisting intelligence about Iraq's efforts to buy uranium "yellowcake" in Niger. The year before, the CIA had sent Wilson to Niger to determine the accuracy of the uranium reports.
Defense attorneys and Fitzgerald will appear in U.S. District Court Friday to argue over defense requests for classified records and evidence gathered by the prosecution about reporters who learned about Plame from government officials other than Libby.
Libby's trial is set for January 2007.
If the case goes to trial, defense attorneys have signaled that Libby likely will testify that he was so busy with national security issues that he forgot or incorrectly recalled conversations he had with reporters about "less important topics," such as Plame.