Below is a declassified memorandum written on October 7, 1940, by Lt. Commander Arthur McCollum, then communications routing officer for President Roosevelt and head of the Far East desk of naval intelligence. The content includes tactics to overcome public opposition to entering World War II by provoking Japan to strike the United States first.


National Archives
McCollum Memo, Page 1













































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McCollum Memo, Page 2












































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McCollum Memo, Page 3




































National Archives
McCollum Memo, Page 4









































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McCollum Memo, Page 5








































National Archives
McCollum Memo, Page 6