In a swift and telling victory, Saudi anti-terror forces killed Al Qaeda's top leader in the key U.S. ally in a gunbattle Sunday, but experts warn the kingdom still faces a surge in attacks despite its two-year crackdown on militants.
The 90-minute battle in the eastern Rawdah district, an upscale neighborhood in the capital Riyadh (search), was the latest blow dealt to Usama bin Laden's group in Saudi Arabia, whose leaders have either been killed or captured since authorities launched an unrelenting offensive against it in 2003.
Moroccan Younis Mohammed Ibrahim al-Hayari (search) was killed in a dawn raid by security forces in an area where suspected militants were hiding, an Interior Ministry official was quoted by Saudi Press Agency as saying.
Three other suspected militants were arrested, a security official said, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue. He said the three men were on a recently issued list of 36 most-wanted terrorists.
SPA, quoting an unidentified official, reported that al-Hayari headed Al Qaeda (search) in the kingdom.
"He [al-Hayari] was nominated by his peers, and following the death of those preceding him, to be the head of sedition and corruption in the land," the official said in the SPA report.
Al-Hayari topped a list issued on Tuesday of 36 most-wanted militants sought for participation in previous terror attacks in the kingdom dating back to 2003. On Wednesday, Saudi Interior Minister Prince Nayef warned of the possibility of more attacks.
"Of course this Moroccan is on the list, the other three no, but they were known by the security apparatus," Nayef said in comments carried by the Saudi Press Agency. "The Moroccan is among the dangerous, but there are others who are no less dangerous."
"They killed the leader less than four days after they issued the list. That is a major victory, both on the intelligence and the logistical levels. It's a major intelligence breakthrough," said Mustafa Alani, a terrorism expert at the Dubai-based Gulf Research Center.
He claimed the terror group had a leadership crisis and that al-Hayari's killing will hurt the group's operations.
"There is clearly a leadership vacuum in the kingdom for Saudi Arabia and this will demoralize the members who are in hiding," he said.
Al-Hayari was believed to have had close ties to Abdul Karim al-Majati, an Al Qaeda leader killed in April.
The Interior Ministry official said security forces conducted two simultaneous operations in eastern Riyadh to capture suspects and killed al-Hayari after a shoot-out.
The official said the first operation ended with two suspects surrendering without incident. But in the second raid, militants fired at troops and lobbed grenades before al-Hayari was killed and another extremist was arrested. The news report said six security forces members were slightly wounded in the gunbattles.
Faris bin Hizam, an expert on Saudi terror groups, warned that the next few weeks would be crucial.
"We shouldn't be surprised if more clashes erupt. Clearly the Interior Ministry has information about the militants, and they will go after them," he said.
Analysts also have warned that Saudi fighters, battle-trained in Iraq would be heading back to Saudi Arabia to regroup and continue the fight.
Washington-based counterterrorism expert Evan Kohlmann also expected an upsurge in the violence.
"I think Al Qaeda in the kingdom may be going into a new period of activity. They were dormant for a long, long time, and suddenly they've become active. I don't think al-Hayari's death will end it. There additional individuals who are being trained in Iraq, crossing back and forth into Saudi Arabia," he said.
Kohlmann said Iraqis were fed up with foreign fighters on their soil, and "it's only a matter of time before these guys start heading back. You're talking about thousands of their nationals who are across the border in Iraq and that's an army."
This oil-rich kingdom has suffered a series of heavy terrorist attacks since May 2003 when bombers attacked three housing estates for foreigners in the capital Riyadh. The kingdom then launched a wave of retaliatory raids against the militants, and issued a list of 26 most wanted in December 2003. Security forces have killed or captured 23 of the 26 figures on that list.