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Pentagon Analyst Held in Israel Spy Probe

The FBI arrested a Pentagon (search) analyst Wednesday on a charge alleging he passed classified information about potential attacks against U.S. forces in Iraq to employees of a pro-Israel group.

Larry Franklin (search), 58, of Kearneysville, W.Va., turned himself in Wednesday morning. He made a brief appearance in U.S. District Court in Alexandria, Va., and was released on $100,000 bond under the condition he surrender his firearms and passport.

The single charge carries a maximum penalty of 10 years. A preliminary hearing was set for May 27. Franklin's lawyer, John Richards, said he expects his client will plead not guilty.

The charge is the first in an investigation dating to 2001 about whether Israel improperly obtained classified U.S. information.

Read the charges against Franklin (FindLaw pdf)

Franklin, who specialized on Iran and Middle Eastern affairs and had clearance to review top-secret information, gave the information to two people without such clearance at a luncheon meeting at a restaurant in Arlington, Va., in June 2003, FBI agent Catherine Hanna (search) said in an affidavit accompanying the criminal complaint.

The people at the lunch were employees of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, a law enforcement official said on condition of anonymity because they are not identified in court papers.

Franklin acknowledged at the lunch that the information was highly classified and asked the two people not to use it, Hanna said. It concerned possible attacks against U.S. troops by Iranian-backed groups in Iraq, the law enforcement official said.

FBI agents twice searched AIPAC offices as part of the investigation. They also have interviewed two AIPAC employees about whether Franklin gave them classified information that wound up in Israel's hands.

AIPAC said it gave the FBI files related to those same two employees, who previously were identified as Steve Rosen, the director of research, and Keith Weissman, deputy director of foreign policy issues. Neither still works for the group.

AIPAC declined to comment Wednesday, but has previously said it had done nothing wrong and was cooperating with the investigation.

A Pentagon official said Franklin continued to work at the Pentagon until his arrest, but he could not immediately say what kind of work he performed. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because the matter is under FBI investigation.

Franklin's top-secret security clearance was suspended in June 2004, the Justice Department said. He formerly worked in the office of policy undersecretary Douglas Feith.

The suspension followed a search of Franklin's West Virginia home that turned up 83 classified documents, Hanna said.

Franklin holds a doctorate in Asian studies and is a colonel in the Air Force Reserves.

The Israeli government has denied spying on the United States, saying that meetings between U.S. and Israeli officials are common and that the two countries share many secrets. Iran, particularly any assessments of its nuclear ambitions, is of critical importance to Israel's security interests.

Israel said it has imposed a ban on espionage in the United States since the scandal over Jonathan Pollard, a civilian intelligence analyst for the Navy caught spying for Israel in 1985 and sentenced to life in prison.